Narkootikumid

Osmium
26-07-2012
kell 23:52

mulle tundub, et näen üha selgemalt mihuke sitamaja ühiskond on. haridussüsteem vajaks noamps tšomskimist. rumal rahvas on ahnete lollakate valitsemismaneeridega nõiaringis. narko-jamisiganes problad tulenevad sellest.
ja ma ise olen ka laisk..ja loll. ja halvas tujus :)

Osmium
28-07-2012
kell 08:38

inimesel ikkagi võiks olla vaba voli. vabadus end tappa, füüsiliselt-vaimselt.
vaimse korral tappa valitsev mina, desidentifitseeruda ja ületada. lihtne!

tsillhill
28-07-2012
kell 08:48

ärge kalduge kõrvale teemast (ise korraks kaldun)



Pichen
03-08-2007
kell 16:16

Kas on head?
Kust saab narkootikume?



a ise sattusin siukse jaburduse otsa 1 päev

http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=1e7_1343164222

260 kg. seemne lõhkamisest saaks aru isegi.
a eks lõhkeainet ja narkootikume jalaga segada sealmail.

HaraldHaak
05-08-2012
kell 09:49

Töös paistab olevat uus põnev dokk pealkirjaga "Kuidas narkotsi paristades elatist teenida". Treilerit saab vaadata siin.

Ootan põnevusega, ehkki ametlikku ilmumiskuupäeva pole veel teatatud.

HaraldHaak
05-08-2012
kell 09:59

Lawrence O’Donnell kõneleb kõvu sõnu MSNBC rubriigis "Last Word".

How long do you fight a war that cannot be won? Lawrence O'Donnell asked the both moral and political question in the latest Rewrite.

We fought the Vietnam War long past the point when we knew we could not win, and in the process sent 58,193 Americans to die there in a 14-year period. America's so-called War on Drugs to end illegal drug consumption is now 41-years-old. How's that for perspective?

The war plan was simple: the price of drugs would be driven sky-high as the government seized more and more drugs and made drugs more rare — and therefore, way more expensive. That hasn't been the case in reality. While well-intentioned, it has left countless victims in its wake while only driving the cost of many drugs down.

Eduardo Porter reported last month in the New York Times that, according to Drug Enforcement Administration data, the street price of one gram of pure cocaine is in fact 74 percent cheaper than it was 30 years ago.

So, again, we ask how long do you fight a war that cannot be won?

HaraldHaak
06-08-2012
kell 10:41

Diskursus areneb; Chatham House'i ajakiri The World Today on üllitanud uimastisõja-teemalise erinumbri, mida saab tasuta veebis lugeda või alla laadida.

Artiklid on järgmised:

"The 50-year war against drugs has failed and a new approach is needed"
Claire Yorke, Manager, and Benoît Gomis, Researcher, International Security, Chatham House

"Legalization could make things worse"
Bill Hughes, former Director General, Serious Organized Crime Agency, UK; Member, Independent Advisory Panel, Drugs and Organized Crime Project, Chatham House

"Is treating the symptoms the way forward?"
Ian Perrin and David L Heymann, Centre on Global Health Security, Chatham House

"Q&A: Mark Kleiman says Cannabis may be legal in the US in a decade"
Alan Philps

"Organized criminals won't fade away"
Dr Vanda Felbab-Brown, Fellow in Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution

"Interview: President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia"
Alan Philps

"Time to separate drugs policy from crime"
Danny Kushlick, Head of External Affairs, Transform Drug Policy Foundation


Rõõm on täheldada, et reformivastaste Hughesi ja Felbab-Browni argumentatsioonid piirduvad kehvapoolse keskkoolikirjandi tasemega.

Sama tendents ilmneb mujalgi; The Youth Agenda debatiruumis teeb keegi tudengiealine nolk uimastipoliitika-teemalises vaidluses UK poliitikauuringute keskuse tagurlasele nii haledalt "pähe", et tunne või tädile kaasa.

rrrauh
06-08-2012
kell 21:09

Ei soovita, tagajärjed võivad olla väga ebameeldivad. Üldiselt on kõik enamik illegaalseid uimasteid meeldivamad ja ohutumad kui legaalsed — seepärast nad ilmselt illegaalsed ongi. Ma sain tulemuseks vaid kiire kõne ja aeglasema mõtte, ning päev hiljem meeletu kiimahoo. Eks ta ole pigem seetõttu legaalne, et eriti ahvatlev pole, maitseainena kirjas ikkagi.

angryhead
07-08-2012
kell 05:33

Värske kanepi legaliseerimisele õhutav telereklaam Washingtonist.

HaraldHaak
07-08-2012
kell 08:56

Kohe imelik mõelda, et see teema juba viis aastat tuurinud on. Ei oskagi täpsustada, kas "alles" või "juba"... aga vahepeal on maailmas üht-teist muutunud. Pilk meediale ütleb, et muutused jätkuvad.

Global Drug Policy Program'i direktriss Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch kirjutab HuffPo's "legaalsete uimastite" keelustamisest ja halbadest seadustest.

A recent UK Home Office report sounded the alarms about the identification of 17 previously 'unknown' drugs that had never before been seen in the UK - setting off a legislative rush to ban these so-called 'legal highs'.

The UK is far from alone. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction has consistently identified new drugs throughout Europe, which only appear to rise exponentially each year.

While these substances can inspire fear in the public, perhaps even more alarming are the solutions proposed in a UK Home Office report, which may merely accelerate a downward spiral of unknown substances entering the global marketplace.

'Legal highs' - or what the UK government calls, 'new psychoactive substances' - generally refer to 'designer drugs' that 'mimic the effects of controlled drugs by slightly altering their chemical structure in order to circumvent existing controls.' /---/

While the goal of protecting public health is laudable, lawmakers run the risk of spurring the creation of new untested, even more dangerous, drugs to circumvent the law. The numbers appear to bear this out - as soon as one 'designer drug' is identified, new substances soon follow.

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction writes, 'In 2011, 49 new psychoactive substances were officially notified for the first time in the European Union through the information exchange mechanism ... This represents the largest number of substances ever reported in a single year, considerably up from 2010 (41 substances) and 2009 (24 substances).'

The governments in Europe can and should be expected to keep a watchful eye on new and potentially harmful substances and take legislative action if necessary. But they should also be careful to avoid inadvertently provoking the creation of an even more dangerous marketplace for 'designer drugs'. /---/

Open Society Foundations Global Drug Policy Program has produced several recent reports on positive models in drug policy. The Czech Republic is one such example of a government that introduced high-quality research to study the impact of its laws.

Such research can inform policymakers on whether or not laws promote better health outcomes, decrease availability and use as well as reduce other costs associated with drugs. When the Czech Republic recognised that harsher criminal sanctions introduced in the late-1990s did none of these things, the government introduced much-needed reforms. This approach has resulted in low levels of HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs and more successful treatment services.

The point is only that any new policy should be guided by evidence. Because misguided policies can be as dangerous as the drugs they are trying to control.


Politiken.dk annab teada, et taanlaste enamus pooldab kanepimüügi riiklikku reguleerimist.

A majority of Danes believe that sales of cannabis should be controlled by the state, according to a Gallup poll for metroXpress.

According to the poll, 53 per cent of those asked fully agreed or agreed that cannabis should be state-controlled; 22 per cent had no view on the issue while 23 per cent disagreed or fully disagreed.

“There are dangers connected to cannabis. But we often forget that most Danes’ cannabis consumption is intermittent and recreational and has no negative social or psychological influence on them,” says Narcotics Researcher Jakob Dumant of Aarhus University.

Red Green Justice Spokeswoman Pernille Skipper says the result of the poll should make the government consider legalising cannabis.


DrugFacts.org on koostanud artikli uimastikontrolli-poliitikas käibel olevate keeleliste mitmetimõistetavuste olemusest ja püüab selgitada, mis vahe on tegelikult dekriminaliseerimisel, depenaliseerimisel (karistuste leevendamisel), legaliseerimisel ja riiklikul kontrollil.

Drug control policy is littered with linguistic ambiguity.

The Global Commission on Drug Policy agrees: "There is much confusion in the literature and public debate about the terms decriminalisation, depenalisation, legalisation and regulation. Universally accepted definitions do not exist and interpretations frequently vary ...”[1]

This confusion and misinterpretation result from a “debate over alternative regimes for currently illicit psychoactive substances [that] focuses on polar alternatives: harsh prohibition and sweeping legalization.”[2]

Drug warriors would have it no other way. Their brand of “'Punitive drug prohibition' refers to policies that rely on penal sanctions (incarceration) to punish those who use ‘illicit' drugs.” And they operate on the assumption that, “it is possible to attain a society free from illegal drug use.”[3]

It hasn’t worked. The Global Commission acknowledged that prohibition as a drug control system has, “degenerated into a war on users, farmers and petty traders. The excessive negative consequences and negligible effectiveness have now been broadly acknowledged and a process of de-escalation is in full motion in many places.” /---/

[T]hese scholars propose a “Spectrum of Drug Control Regimes” that, “'grudgingly tolerates' [drug] consumption-perhaps because full prohibition is unachievable … or alternatively … recognizes the right to consume and even the benefits of consumption, as long as consumption is within the regulatory limits.”[2] Alcohol and tobacco come to mind.

Within the Spectrum, eight drug regulation models are defined along a continuum from pure prohibition (available to no one: heroin and marijuana) to a completely free market (available to anyone: caffeine). Each of these eight models falls into one of three sometimes overlapping regimes of decreasing restrictiveness: prohibitory, prescription and regulatory.

HaraldHaak
08-08-2012
kell 15:27

Inge Fryklund võtab Foreign Policy In Focus'es käsitleda osa põhjustest, miks sõda uimastitega väärib lõpetamist.

The UN Office of Drug Control (UNODC) has thoroughly documented the violence, crime, and corruption linked with the worldwide heroin and opium trade. The U.S. news media report every day on the mayhem and corruption of government officials caused by the drug wars in Mexico, Colombia, and other points south of our border. In Afghanistan, the Taliban tax the opium trade and protect poppy farmers from eradication, fueling the insurgency and our 11-year war.

However, these problems are all consequences of drug prohibition, not of the drugs themselves. In legal terms, drugs are malum prohibitum (wrong because prohibited by law) rather than malum in se (inherently wrong, such as theft or murder). During the U.S. experiment with Prohibition (1920-1933), alcohol was malum prohibitum; as soon as it was legalized, it again became a normal regulated, traded, and taxed consumer product.

We need to rethink our prohibition of drugs. What problem are we trying to solve by making drugs illegal? Have we chosen the most effective and affordable solution? Are the collateral consequences worth it?

We should start with the premise that neither demand for drugs nor the drugs themselves can be eliminated. /---/

Legalization is the only solution to the problem of Afghan and Latin American violence and corruption—and the less obvious but more insidious problems of poverty, over-incarceration, and the misallocation of public resources within the United States. Only legalization can change the worldwide nexus of drugs and criminality.

HaraldHaak
09-08-2012
kell 11:00

Narkosmugeldamise eest 25-aastast karistust kandev Seth Ferranti kirjutab The Fixis, kuidas USA vangid heroiini manustamiseks ise "süstlaid" meisterdavad.

Addicts in prison go to extreme lengths to get their fix. But scoring the drugs isn't the only obstacle they face—how to shoot them up? With no works available, a heroin user in jail needs a little ingenuity.

The result of this ingenuity is a "binky." /---/

You start by getting the point of a needle from a diabetic guy, who has the chance to break or pull it off after taking his insulin. /---/

Once you get the point—which should be about an inch long—you take a clear Bic pen, take the inside out and cut the outer casing down to about two inches away from the tip. Get a paperclip, straighten part of it out and insert it into the tip of the Bic pen. Very slowly, put a flame to the pen tip, rotating it to melt/tighten up the plastic at the top where the point will go. Then take the paperclip out. Don't burn the plastic too much /---/

Once you've taken out the paperclip, insert the point—with a speaker wire pushed through it to make sure nothing obstructs it. The point has to be flush against the melted part. Then pull the wire out of the point and take a Visine bottle. Remove the eye dropper and insert the cut-off end of the Bic pen into the Visine bottle about a quarter of an inch down—then tie it off with dental floss /---/

You mix the heroin and water in a spoon and then put a small piece of cotton in to soak it up. You put the point on the cotton to suck up the dope into the Bic pen, then you tap it all down before you hit your vein. When you hit the vein, blood will flow into the pen. Once it registers, you tap it to mix it with the heroin inside and squeeze the Visine bottle. Get ready for the ride of your life.

HaraldHaak
09-08-2012
kell 16:09

Talking Points Memo kirjutab, et Colorado legaliseerimisalgatus ei pruugigi läbi kukkuda, mis Gary Johnsoni kaudu võib Obama kampaaniale ka statistiliselt olulise põntsu panna.

“There is a third-party candidate who’s actually supportive of marijuana policy reform, so Gary Johnson provides an option to some voters who feel strongly about this issue,” Tvert said.

Tvert might have a point about Johnson’s effect on the race in Colorado. PPP on Tuesday showed the former Republican governor of New Mexico who is running for president on the Libertarian ticket claiming 6 percent support among likely Colorado voters. That’s still a low level of support, but it’s enough to impact the prospects of both major-party candidates. For example, PPP showed Obama leading Romney by 6 points in a head-to-head match-up but only 4 points when Johnson is in the mix.

punkrock
10-08-2012
kell 17:32

Kui nüüd marihuaana legaliseeritakse ka nii, et seda võib piiranguteta käidelda siis kuidas näeksid välja reklaamid?

kallekas5
10-08-2012
kell 18:37

Härra Kerdo Mölder tegi pisut seeni, aga asi kiskus metsa.

http://publik.delfi.ee/news/inimesed/lugeja-noore-bandipoisi-narkopidu-valjus-taielikult-kontrolli-alt.d?id=64801586

whiplassh
10-08-2012
kell 19:40

Ozzy Osbourne

MachineElf
10-08-2012
kell 21:40

Härra Kerdo Mölder tegi pisut seeni, aga asi kiskus metsa.

http://publik.delfi.ee/news/inimesed/lugeja-noore-bandipoisi-narkopidu-valjus-taielikult-kontrolli-alt.d?id=64801586


mille pärast ta siis süsti sai?

HaraldHaak
13-08-2012
kell 10:42

Russell Brand on teinud filmi iseendast ja oma suhtest sõltuvusainetega. BBC3 näitab filmi "Russell Brand: From Addiction To Recovery" neljapäeval. Kõmuleht The Sun võttis koomikut usutleda.

LESS than ten years ago Russell Brand was in the destructive grip of drug addiction.
His life was about scoring class A drugs at all costs.
The comedian was kicking about with a collection of acquaintances who were stuck in the vicious circle of illegal substance abuse funded by crime. Some were so badly sucked in they had lost limbs through the practice of their addiction.
He said: “Ten years ago, I couldn’t get enough — cannabis, booze, speed, acid, coke, crack, smack. I took drugs every single day. /---/
Russell, 37, said: “It’s a subject that’s really close to me and Amy’s death can serve as a catalyst or serve as a symbol that people don’t have to die.
“Her death wasn’t inevitable — there was something that could have been done. I know that from my own experience. There are millions like her who have the opportunity to get clean. I wanted to make that film and work with Comic Relief so people could get access to the information on how to do it.
“I’ve met people both in addiction and recovery from all sorts of backgrounds and it’s no discriminator.
“It’s more apparent where there is less money because the criminal part of it is more evident, but the Rausing example goes to show that the desperation drugs induce in people who suffer from from addiction goes across the board.”


Kena keik, aga millegipärast ei toeta mees asendusravi. Oletatavasti sellepärast, et ta ise sai hakkama ilma metadoonita ja arvab nüüd, et sama meetod peab sobima kõigile teistele.

One thing Russell does not back is the Department of Health’s methadone programme, which he believes is as worthwhile as “re-arranging the furniture on the Titanic. It doesn’t work. Drug addicts are addicted to drugs, so don’t give them more paid for by the country. Even now if I take tin foil out for a legit reason, I still get that feeling of what it’s like to chase heroin and what the smell is like when it burns. It has to be complete abstinence.”

HaraldHaak
13-08-2012
kell 10:46

USA uimastisõdalaste ridades paistab valitsevat üha suurem peataolek ja käegalöömismeeleolu, kuna nende propaganda muutub üha naeruväärsemaks. Buzzfeed, mis drugfree.org-i viimatist saavutust vahendab, on pidanud vajalikuks rõhutada, et tegemist ei ole paroodiaga ning seda ei ole mõeldud naljana.

"DRUGS... I FOUND THEM IN YOUR ROOM!"
(And, he took them, apparently.)
Dad is the one trippin' here. My guess: Meth.

HaraldHaak
15-08-2012
kell 12:07

Medical Xpress vahendab uudist teadustööst, mida nimetatakse suisa murranguliseks. Võimalik, et ongi; igatahes väidavad uurijad, et on leidnud opioidisõltuvuse raviks ideaalse aine ("(+)-naloksooni" e "plussnaloksooni"), mis blokeerib immuun-sõltuvusreaktsiooni.

Laboratory studies have shown that the drug (+)-naloxone (pronounced: PLUS nal-OX-own) will selectively block the immune-addiction response. The results – which could eventually lead to new co-formulated drugs that assist patients with severe pain, as well as helping heroin users to kick the habit – will be published tomorrow in the Journal of Neuroscience.

"Our studies have shown conclusively that we can block addiction via the immune system of the brain, without targeting the brain's wiring," says the lead author of the study, Dr Mark Hutchinson, ARC Research Fellow in the University of Adelaide's School of Medical Sciences. /---/

"The drug that we've used to block addiction, (+)-naloxone, is a non-opioid mirror image drug that was created by Dr Kenner Rice in the 1970s. We believe this will prove extremely useful as a co-formulated drug with morphine, so that patients who require relief for severe pain will not become addicted but still receive pain relief . This has the potential to lead to major advances in patient and palliative care," Professor Watkins says.

HaraldHaak
15-08-2012
kell 12:33

Väga hea kokkuvõtlik propagandavideo Youth Rise'ilt selgitab, miks sõda uimastitega rikub massiliselt noorte inimeste elusid ja tuleks seetõttu lõpetada.

Support Dont Punish: Protect Our Youth

We need to challenge ineffective and dangerous drug policies which increase the harms of young people who use drugs and lead to widespread human rights violations around the world. We need to challenge the reality faced by young people who get caught up in a system of court appearances, convictions, the revolving door of prison, police harassment, thwarted potential and blocked employment and education opportunities.

HaraldHaak
18-08-2012
kell 21:54

The Economist küsib, kas kanged uimastid tuleks teie meelest seadustada. Vastata saab FB konto alt sisse logides.

HaraldHaak
18-08-2012
kell 21:57

NPR-is pikem AP lugu sellest, kuidas Brasiilia narkogängid sõdivad crack-kokaiini vastu. Mitte, et nad klientuuri heaolu pärast eriti muretseksid, vaid kuna see tooks neile endile liiga palju probleeme kaela.

"Rio was always cocaine and marijuana," Mario Sergio Duarte, Rio state's former police chief said. "If drug traffickers are coming up with this strategy of going back to cocaine and marijuana, it's not because they suddenly developed an awareness, or because they want to be charitable and help the addicts. It's just that crack brings them too much trouble to be worth it."

HaraldHaak
18-08-2012
kell 22:00

Keelustamise pooldaja, endise ONDCP ametniku Kevin Sabet' tiraad Addiction Inboxi blogis on tüüpiline, aga väärib lugemist eelkõige kommentaariumis toimuva debati tõttu.

First, we know that legalization means more consumption. /---/

And I'm not so sure the underground market would be eliminated with marijuana legalization. /---/

Rescheduling marijuana is one of the biggest red herrings I can think of in this debate. If rescheduled tomorrow, it would do nothing to allow marijuana to be sold legally.

HaraldHaak
19-08-2012
kell 08:26

NPR-is pikem AP lugu sellest, kuidas Brasiilia narkogängid sõdivad crack-kokaiini vastu.

Kogu see jutt on lähemal vaagimisel üsna kahtlane, kuna kokaiinist cracki valmistamiseks pole vaja muud kui soodat, anumat, vett, tuld ja viis minutit vaba aega.

HaraldHaak
21-08-2012
kell 11:29

Eesti ajakirjanduse tase uimastiküsimuses on ikka totaalselt lasteaia tasemel.

Peeter Helme kirjutas 18. augustil Ekspressis "zombirünnakust" ja selle oletatavatest seostest "moodsa sünteetilise narkootikumiga" täpselt sama süüdimatult kui kõige skandaalsemad USA kõmupumbad.

Hiljem oletati Ameerika meedias, et Eugene oli tarvitanud mõnda moodsat sünteetilist narkootikumi – kõige tõenäolisemalt mefedrooni, mida tema kristallilise välimuse tõttu ka “vannisoolaks” kutsutakse.

Jama; oletuseks see jäigi!

[Z]ombirünnakud juba toimuvad ning nende täpne põhjus pole teada. Veel pole tegu filmist “Surnute koidik” või telesarjast “Elavad surnud” tuttava maailmalõpustsenaariumiga, kus valdav enamik inimkonnast on muutunud agressiivseks biomassiks, kuid tänavu kevadel ja suvel on Põhja-Ameerikas aset leidnud häirivad sündmused. Kas nende põhjuseks on mefedriin või äkki mõni haigusekandja – näiteks viirus –, mis mõjutab inimese käitumist sedavõrd, et ta muutub hullunud zombiks, on esialgu teadmata.

Tere hommikust, Nelli Teataja tase! Pidasin P. Helmet seni üsna normaalseks ajakirjanikuks.

Postimehe tarbijalisa jätkab täna hüsteerialainel; muu hulgas lastakse kapist välja nii kohutav krokodill, et isegi narkovõmm Kõplas, rääkimata Kalikovast, peab vajalikuks üritada jama summutada.

Lääne-Euroopa turule on Venemaalt levimas uus Krokodilli nime kandev tappev narkootikum. «Meie kliendid mainisid, et ka Eestis on juba selle kasutajaid,» mainis Ene Villak. «Samas kinnitada ei julge, sest ise pole neid näinud.»

«Krokodill on üks väga hirmus aine, mida narkomaanid Venemaal ise kokku segavad kodeiinisisaldusega ravimitest, mida seal saab ilma retseptita,» selgitas Nelli Kalikova. «Kuna tegemist on tablettidega, siis need ei lahustu täielikult ja segu ummistab väikesed kapillaarid ja lagundab organismi. Tulemuseks on see, et jäsemed tuleb amputeerida.»

Kuigi ka Kalikova on kuulnud n-ö kõlakaid Krokodilli-juhtumitest, ei usu ta, et aine Eestil laialt levima hakkaks. «Krokodilli ei valmista ega levita organiseeritud diilerid, vaid see selle keedavad oma tarbeks ise kokku need, kellel pole juurdepääsu paremale kraamile. Eestis on narkomaanidel piisavalt võimalust kvaliteetsemat narkootikumi saada,» selgitas ta.

Kaido Kõplase sõnul politseile teadaolevalt Krokodilli Eestis ei ole.


Ja mõni mees tabab isegi naelapea pihta:

Villaku sõnul on paljude uimasteid pruukivate noorte suhtumine selline, et milleks mulle kool, elu näitab ju, et ilma hariduseta saab ka ärimeheks, hakkan narkodiileriks ja raha tuleb nagu raba.

Ning kuni kestab rumal keeluseadus, jääbki seda raha nagu raba tulema.

HaraldHaak
21-08-2012
kell 11:29

Dääm, PM-i loole jäi link lisamata: http://www.tarbija24.ee/945776/eestisse-joudnud-eriti-kange-uimasti-tapab-narkomaane

HaraldHaak
21-08-2012
kell 11:37

Pete Guither argumenteerib oma blogis üsna veenvalt, et küsimus pole mitte, kas (USA-s) uimastid legaliseerida, vaid kas jätkata uimastivaldkonna kriminaliseerimist (ja et vastus on kindel "ei").

Unfortunately, most drug policy discussions today revolve around imagined potential gains or problems resulting from legalization of certain drugs. And because of the politics involved, we often really have no choice but to play these ridiculous games. But, in fact, it’s very much the wrong question.

The actual question is criminalization. And the answer is “no.”

When you look at the issue properly, you see that what we need to discuss is correcting the massive wrongness of criminalization. /---/

So, let’s take a look at the right question.

Should drugs be criminalized?

It’s a five-part question.

Step 1: Does the government have the authority to criminalize drugs?

This is not as obvious as some may think, particularly if you look at history. /---/

Step 2: Are drugs dangerous?

It would seem that you’d need to determine that a particular drug is dangerous if you’re going to ban it, unless you’re just doing it because Mexicans or Negro jazz musicians or dirty hippies use it, or because you can make a buck off of criminalization. /---/

Step 3: Will criminalization significantly reduce the danger?

This is the most important question that is never asked. /---/


Step 4: Is criminalization the best way to reduce the danger?

Another important calculation that is too often ignored. /---/

Step 5: Are the advantages of criminalization worth the destructive elements of prohibition?

Let’s assume that you’ve gotten this far, and actually believe there to be dangers of drugs that can be solved appropriately by criminalization. You then must weigh that slight good with all the destructive negatives of prohibition. Such as:

Corruption of Law Enforcement
Putting Drug Safety and Control in the hands of Criminals
Over-incarceration and the influence of the Prison-Industrial Complex
Enormous Black Market Criminal Profits
Drug War Violence
Damage to the Environment
Destruction of Families
Damage to Inner Cities and Poor Communities
Militarization of Law Enforcement and the Victims of Drug War Tactics
Racism and Civil Rights
Erosion of Civil Liberties
Foreign Policy Disasters
Financial Cost
Loss of the Truth
… and the list goes on. /---/

No, legalization really isnt the question. But it sure is the answer.

pahareino
21-08-2012
kell 12:26

Economistist kokaiini lahjendamise teemadel Euroopas

http://www.economist.com/node/21560270?fb_action_ids=10151126449607147&fb_action_types=og.recommends&fb_source=aggregation&fb_aggregation_id=288381481237582

HaraldHaak
22-08-2012
kell 10:11

Tais tuurib juba aastapäevi aktiivne sõda mõnede uimastitega. Bangkok Postis ilmunud kolumni autor leiab, et tegu on mastaapse poliitilise kabega, mis ei aita kuidagi kaasa uimastiprobleemi lahendamisele.

Since Sept 11 of last year, when the Yingluck Shinawatra government launched its war on drugs, about 340,000 drug cases have been prosecuted, nearly 8% more than during the same period the year before. More than 330,000 suspects have been arrested, a 14% increase from last year. Some 65.5 million methamphetamine pills have been seized in total, a 26% increase.

The hero is the man in charge of the war on drugs, Deputy Prime Minister Chalerm Yubamrung. Now when Mr Chalerm is the most accomplished member of the government, you know something isn't right in the neighbourhood.

Numbers don't lie; it's true that the authorities have been arresting and confiscating more - but while numbers don't lie, people tend to exaggerate and misrepresent. Calling the war on drugs a success is a gross misrepresentation of the truth. /---/

Bang heads and take stats, the media and public eat it up, because lies are more easily digestible than truth. In the words of Omar Little, ''It's all in the game, yo.''

So line up the black kids from the ghettos of Baltimore or the slum punks of Thailand and pile up the confiscated drugs. We see the images on the front pages of Thai dailies just about every other day - smiling high-ranking policemen in full uniform posing majestically for the cameras, low level street punks hang their heads in shame, confiscated drugs piled on the table, - high-five, pat on the back, a job well done, old boy.

This is all about face.

The next day, it's business as usual again, an endless cycle of playing cops and bad guys - and at times the line between them can be quite thin, with due respect to the thousands of good and honest cops out there. /---/

I'm not saying anyone in parliament or in uniform at the present time is involved in the drug trade. I have no proof of it. But there are precedents, and who among us would be in shocked disbelief if it were shown to be true?

One thing is for certain, banging heads and taking stats is not a war on drugs.

When the drug and money trails start and end with low-level street punks, at best it's a skirmish. But even that is being optimistic.

The truth? This is simply a PR campaign to put up a good face - a smoke-screen; nothing less, nothing more.

HaraldHaak
22-08-2012
kell 10:15

Slate kirjutab olukorrast Ciudad Juarezes, kus mõrvalaine paistab olevat vaibunud ja nüüd on ohutum. Mehhiko valitsus patsutab endale hea uimastisõdimise eest õlale, aga tegelikkus võib olla tsipa teistsugune: rahu saabus nimelt pärast seda, kui Sinaloa narkokartell piirkonna üle kontrolli saavutas.

Homicides are way down in Ciudad Juarez, which the Mexican government naturally attributes to its own successful policies. But not everyone is convinced and William Booth thinks local people have "another, more credible reason for the decrease in extreme violence: The most-wanted drug lord in the world, Joaquin 'El Chapo' Guzman, and his Sinaloa cartel have won control of the local drug trade and smuggling routes north."

To anyone conversant with economics, reading stories about the Mexican drug wars has long come with a bit of irony. The drug trafficking organizations are commonly known as cartels, but the horrific violence stems precisely from the fact that they aren't cartels. /---/ Insofar as you get true cartels—stable, anti-competitive arrangements—then a lot of the problems associated with the drug marke go away. There are no competitors to kill, leading to less violence and fewer risks to bystanders.

HaraldHaak
22-08-2012
kell 10:28

Maia Szalavitzilt kaks head lugu seekord.

The Fixis kirjutab ta oma kogemuste põhjal sellest, miks Russell Brandi "ristisõda" opioidiasendusravi vastu on rumal ja vastutustundetu.

British comedian Russell Brand has a bit of 12-step recovery under his belt—and so, like a lot of people who fit that description, he fancies himself an expert on addiction. In fact, he’s so sure he knows his stuff that he’s taken it upon himself to tell the British government what treatment method is best: abstinence-only—and no maintenance, please! Conveniently, this is right in line with a recent push by the UK’s Conservative government for an abstinence-focused recovery agenda.

Brand elaborated on his position while discussing a documentary about his addiction that’s set to air this month on the BBC, telling The Guardian, “Without abstinence-based recovery, I’m a highly defective individual, prone to self-centeredness, self-pity and self-destructive, grandiose behavior. But if I seek the company and fellowship of other addicts and alcoholics … then, one day at a time, I have a chance of living free from this disease.” As for maintenance, he sniffs, “We might as well let people carry on taking drugs if they’re going to be on methadone. Obviously it’s painful to abstain, but at least it’s hope-based.”

I understand Brand’s position well. When I first quit heroin and cocaine, I shared it. In 1992, I even wrote an op-ed for Newsday, declaring that people on methadone were as far from recovery as active heroin users. It was like replacing vodka with gin, I wrote elsewhere at the time.

But I soon learned that not only is this perspective wrong, it can be deadly. And why shouldn't it be? After all, simply having an addiction and recovering from it no more makes Brand—or me—an expert on the topic than being treated for a brain tumor makes him a neurosurgeon.

Here’s how I learned a tiny bit of humility and began to develop some actual expertise...


Time'is usutleb ta Kanada juhtivat sõltuvusravispetsialisti, Insite'i süstimiskliiniku ja muude uimastikahjude kahandamise kliinikute töötajat ja apologeeti ning bestselleri "In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts: Close Encounters with Addiction" autorit dr Gabor Maté'd.

How do you define addiction?

Any behavior that is associated with craving and temporary relief, and with long-term negative consequences, that a person is not able to give up. Note that I said nothing about substances — it’s any behavior that has temporary relief and negative consequences and loss of control. /---/

I think childhood trauma or emotional loss is the universal template for addiction. /---/

The question is, Is it better for people to inject drugs with puddle water or sterile water? Is it better to use clean needles or share so that you pass on HIV and hepatitis C? This is what harm reduction is. It doesn’t treat addiction, it just reduces harm. In medicine, we do this all the time. People smoke but we still give them inhalers to open airways, so what’s different? You’re not enabling anything they’re not already using.

Some critics claim that it prevents addicts from “hitting bottom” and getting off drugs entirely.

I worked for 12 years in the Americas’ most concentrated area of drug use, the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver. People live there in the street with HIV and hepatitis and festering wounds: what more of a bottom can they hit? If hitting bottom helped people, there would be no addicts at all in the Downtown Eastside. ‘Bottom’ is very relative, so it’s a meaningless concept. /---/

People describe addicts as behaving compulsively in the face of negative consequences, but the same could be said of our drug policy.

It’s almost an addiction because we keep doing something with negative consequences and don’t give it up, and it gives a kind of emotional relief because people feel a lot of hostility towards addicts. Seeing someone jailed certainly provides some satisfaction and relief, but it’s not an evidence-based [treatment for addiction]. /---/

[W]e live in a culture that promotes addiction, left, right and center. Addiction essentially is trying to get something from the outside to fill a gap and soothe pain. The entire economy is based on people seeking soothing from outside. The addict symbolizes all of our self-loathing.

The expression “the scapegoat” is very specific. The term in the Bible means a goat on whom the community symbolically imposed all its sins and then chases it into the desert. That’s what we’re doing with addiction. All the desperation to soothe pain and fill in emptiness from the outside that characterizes our culture, the addict represents. We hate to see that so we scapegoat them and think that way we are getting rid of our own sins.

HaraldHaak
22-08-2012
kell 11:24

Igaks juhuks vastukaaluks natuke vastulauset mõnedele Maté vaadetele. (Näiteks ei teadnud ma seni, et ta on ka ayahuasca-teraapia apologeet.) Mulludetsembrises Psychology Todays kirjutab teine Kanada sõltuvusekspert Alan Cudmore, et Maté nägemus redutseerib sõltuvushaiguste põhjuseid liigselt ja see on ohtlik.

Maté maintains a human communion with his patients. He does so by describing his own maladies -- his ADD and shopping addiction -- which he puts on a level with severe drug addictions. Fair enough (although some think that as a successful middle-class physician Maté is stretching this connection).

Beyond this, Maté has a theory of addiction rooted in childhood abuse. /---/

Maté is fundamentally proposing a reductionist vision of addiction, where abuse history and posited biochemical changes are now THE essential causes of people's self-destructive action. It is not enough to say that this model is highly conjectural. It also isn't true -- that is, it makes little sense of the data. Vincent Felitti conducted a huge epidemiological study on early childhood experiences. He found that only a tiny group (3.5%) of people with 4 or more adverse childhood experiences became involved in injection drug use. So Maté's model is highly undiscriminating. The percentage of addicts increases somewhat with the number of adverse experiences. Even so, this relatively minor elevation in no way presupposes the damage is caused biochemically, rather than simply by detrimental psychological consequences and deeply dysfunctional homes and environments.

One counterargument in favor of Maté's position might be that injection drug use is low among this population because so few people who have experienced abuse are exposed to injectable drugs. But this argument does not hold either. Felitti has included alcohol in his research. And, with drinking, the rates of dependence follow the same trajectory depending on the number adverse childhood experiences, but are still not much higher for abuse victims -- 16%. /---/

[A]t the deepest level, Maté's views limit our approaches to, our understanding of, and even our respect for people living with addiction. Rather than expand our understanding of addiction, his views harm our ability to respond to it. For one thing, focusing solely on one risk factor and one very questionable source of addiction has led Maté to posit a potential ‘cure' for addiction -- Ayahuasca -- a brew made from South-American "spirit-vine" that is claimed to open the human conscious for a higher degree of introspection. In fact, Maté's reliance on this treatment further confuses levels of analysis -- does introspection really remedy the absence of neuro-receptors in some straightforward manner?

In this context, that harm reductionists embrace Maté is extremely troubling. For, contrary to popular beliefs in these circles, Maté is actually diverting the addiction field from a more comprehensive and practicable view of addiction. Maté's embrace of Ayahuasca does not support the broad harm reduction goals of expanding the resources available to people with addictions like those in Vancouver, of developing their skills for functioning in their worlds, and of holding up the hope that they can improve their lives. Instead, this approach is reductive, monosyllabic, and really no different than the disease camp's fool's gold quest for an addiction vaccine in the forlorn hope that we can remedy addiction without improving human lives.

A true harm reductionist should accept a wide range of contributors in the development of addiction, but particularly those that human agency -- and particularly the person who is addicted him or herself -- can address and improve. Without this sense, we are lost.

Serial K
22-08-2012
kell 11:33

kelle see sinaloa siis ciudad juarezist välja ajas, zetad vä? aa, google ütleb, et kohaliku juarez carteli.

rrrauh
22-08-2012
kell 13:39

http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/breakingnews/Researchers_find_oldest-ever_stash_of_marijuana.html

HaraldHaak
22-08-2012
kell 14:53

Eesti meedia kajastas seda uudist ka varsti pärast seda, kui see eelviidatud allikas ilmus.

Hiinast leiti 2700 aasta vanust kanepit (Elu24, 1. detsembril 2008)

Muumiaga koos lebas hauas ports marihuaanat (Publik.ee, 3. detsembril 2008)

HaraldHaak
27-08-2012
kell 00:40

Dr Oliver Sacks räägib, mida talle õpetasid hallutsinogeenid ja miks ta amfetamiine kõige ohtlikumaks uimastirühmaks peab. (YouTube, 4 minutit)

HaraldHaak
27-08-2012
kell 00:44

The Fix'i artikkel maailma parimate uimastipoliitikatega riikidest on saanud täiendust; seekord loetletakse riike, kus on kõige nadim narkotikumidega vahele jääda. Artikkel sisaldab ohtralt linke.

The Five Worst Countries to Live in if You're a Drug User

5 THAILAND Here we have a beautiful, modern country with drug laws straight out of the Stone Age. Human rights abuses are widespread, and drug users are routinely rounded up, forced into labor camp rehabs and even executed. (And if you do make it into a sincere rehab facility, you might find yourself prescribed a dose of projectile vomiting, or else unceremoniously ejected, like Pete Doherty.)

4 RUSSIA This is a country suffering from an out-of-control HIV epidemic, concentrated among the country's estimated 1.8 million injecting drug users. Yet the official response has been to ban methadone and buprenorphine, crack down on needle exchanges, and drive the problem ever further underground. Harm reduction is nearly non-existent and "treatment" organizations have even been known to enslave or lobotomize addicts.

3 IRAN A repressive regime presides over the creation of a staggering 130,000 new addicts each year. The government response has been brutal, with secret mass hangings the order of the day. It's hardly surprising that the Iranian crackdown has won support from at least one voice in the UN: Russian executive director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, Yuri Fedotov.

2 CHINA The country that gave us paper, gunpowder and those neat children’s toys covered with poisonous lead paint follows faithfully in the footsteps of Mao Tse Tung—who famously executed his way through the Chinese opium problem in the late '40s. Modern China’s approach to drug treatment usually involves a knock on the door from the secret police, a surprise drug test, and then two years' forced hard labor in a prison camp. Still it has little effect on the numbers of users. China's registered heroin addicts alone consume $3.26 billion of the drug annually.

1 USA We’re a schizophrenic lot, aren't we? /---/ Our placing on both of these lists is another example of our "flexibility." As well as having the best drugs, the most drugs and the most drug users, we also shamefully lead the world for our level of drug-related imprisonment.

HaraldHaak
28-08-2012
kell 10:25

Peter Hitchensilt on ilmumas raamat sellest, kui rõvedalt liberaalne on tema arust UK uimastipoliitika, ning Daily Mail andis talle lahkelt võimaluse seda promoda. Elus vend Hitchensile omasel moel kubiseb iseenda teosele kribatud reklaam ülepaisutustest, demagoogiast ja otsestest valedest, on toonilt väga sapine ja muhkunoriv. Mistõttu oligi meeldib lugeda mürgitaimede eksperdi John Robertsoni blogist rõhutatult tasakaalukat vastuargumentatsiooni.

I’ve mentioned before that Mr Hitchens sets out to provoke an angry reaction from those who disagree with him and said that this may be because he knows he will never earn the esteem in which his brother was held so makes a point of not seeking it. So, as before, I shall aim to expose the lies and half-truths of Mr Hitchens’ piece most politely since I know that is not how he wishes me to react.

This advert is really most like a movie trailer. That is, its aim is to arouse interest without giving too much away. For that reason it focusses on a cabinet decision taken in February 1970. According to Mr Hitchens, ‘The British Establishment formally surrendered to the drugs culture’ at this meeting, though he doesn’t exactly explain how this ‘surrender’ was worded.

Mr Hitchens’ premise is that this decision undercuts all the subsequent rhetoric about the harm caused by drugs. (I’m making his point so excluded the word ‘alleged’.) /---/

It will, probably, come as no surprise that Mr Hitchens presentation of the Cabinet meeting of 26th February 1970 as the point at which the state surrendered in the ‘war on drugs’ is wholly wrong. It must be a problem for someone like Peter Hitchens who started his career by being able to present his version of events as the only truth to come to terms with the full extent of the electronic age. It took me only a few minutes to locate and download the ‘Index of Cabinet Conclusions’ for that period and see that Mr Hitchens’ representation of what occurred is deeply skewed by his prejudice on this matter. /---/

[R]ather than ‘surrendering to the drugs culture’ as Mr Hitchens puts it, this cabinet meeting turned against the ‘very careful consideration [reflecting] the considered judgement of expert opinion’ by the Home Affairs Committee in favour of more draconian punishments for possession of cannabis.

Mr Hitchens, of course, rejects the notion that cannabis is less harmful than heroin or cocaine and would, I’m sure, have preferred that Cabinet meeting to keep a single category for controlled substances. His claim of surrender, therefore, relies on his ‘because I say so’ argument rather than the huge amount of scientific research demonstrating that cannabis is much less harmful that drugs in higher classifications.

I had intended to deal with some of the other lies and half-truths in this advertorial, including some really amusing attempts to sidestep the problems caused by alcohol, but I feel that demonstrating that the central premise of his book, that the world ended on 26th February 1970, is false is, probably, sufficient for now.

HaraldHaak
28-08-2012
kell 10:26

Ähh, aga Poison Gardeni link ununes panna: http://www.thepoisongarden.co.uk/blog2/blog260812.php

HaraldHaak
28-08-2012
kell 11:46

Uus-Meremaa uurijad leidsid, et lastel, kes enne 18. eluaastat hakkasid kanepit regulaarselt pruukima, oli IQ 13. eluaastal mõõdetuga võrreldes 38. eluaastaks kahanenud kaheksa punkti võrra, mis pole mitte just vähe. Allikas: ABC News:

Teenagers lighting joints may end up less bright, according to new research released Monday.

In a study of more than 1,000 adolescents in New Zealand, those who began habitually smoking marijuana before age 18 showed an eight-point drop in IQ between the ages of 13 and 38, a considerable decline.

The average IQ is 100 points. A drop of eight points represents a fall from the 50th percentile to the 29th percentile in terms of intelligence.

The research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, charted the IQ changes in participants over two decades.

Researchers tested the IQs of all of the study subjects at age 13 before any habitual marijuana use. Researchers then split the study into five “waves” during which time they assessed cannabis use — ages 18, 21, 26, 32, and 38. They again tested IQ at age 38. The authors also controlled for alcohol use, other drug use and education level.

The eight-point drop in IQ was found in subjects who started smoking in adolescence and persisted in “habitual smoking” — that is, using cannabis at least four days per week — in three or more of the five study waves.

People who started smoking in adolescence but used marijuana less persistently still had a hit to their IQ’s, but it was less pronounced than the group that used it early and persistently.
In contrast, those who never used marijuana at all gained nearly one IQ point on average.
Madeline Meier, lead researcher and a post-doctoral associate at Duke University, said that persistent use of marijuana in adolescence appeared to blunt intelligence, attention and memory. More persistent marijuana use was associated with greater cognitive decline.

“Collectively, these findings are consistent with speculation that cannabis use in adolescence, when the brain is undergoing critical development, may have neurotoxic effects,” Meier writes in the study. /---/

Experts in child development said the reasons adolescents may be more susceptible to the harmful effects of marijuana may have to do with a substance called myelin. Myelin can be thought of as a kind of insulation for nerve cells in the brain that also helps speed brain signals along — and in adolescent brains, the protective coating it forms is not yet complete.

“Frontal lobe myelination is not fully completed until age 25 years or so, and the pre-myelinated brain is more susceptible to damage from neurotoxins,” says Dr. Richard Wahl, director of adolescent Medicine at the University of Arizona. “Cannabis, most likely, is a neurotoxin in high and continuous doses.”

The study appears to lend credence to “stoner” stereotypes in popular media. However, no previous studies can provide data for this phenomenon, since establishing whether a drop in IQ has actually occurred requires that a baseline IQ be obtained before a person ever started using marijuana. This study did just that.

Xanthippe
28-08-2012
kell 12:46

Nonehh. ( selle arukaotuse perspektiiviga ma muide hirmutasin koolilapsi kah omalajal). Iseasi,kas mõtlemine inimest muidugi õnnelikumaks teeb siin maailmas. ( Meie kallis sõber eile arvas, et "aru" saamine viib "asjast" kaugemale. Sain aru n ...)

Xanthippe
28-08-2012
kell 12:48

see viimane oli mõeldud isand Haagile kommentaariks, tsitaat millegipärast ei aktiveerund...

HaraldHaak
28-08-2012
kell 15:55

"aru" saamine viib "asjast" kaugemale.

Metafüüsika on kuul, aga "aru saamine" ei pruugi sõltuda kognittivsest võimekusest (ja vastupidi ehk ka, kes teab). Igatahes need, kes alustasid hiljem, võivad end lohutada, et paistab, et täiskasvanueas tarvitamisel on kanepil pigem neuroprotektiivsed kui neurotoksilised mõjud.

HaraldHaak
28-08-2012
kell 15:55

* kognitiivsest

rrrauh
28-08-2012
kell 17:04

Eks ta nii ole. Kõigi meelemürkidega peaks kannatama, kuniks keha ikka välja arenenud. Nt kui dopamiinikeskus veel välja arenenud pole, siis tasub kanepist ka kaugele hoida. Rangelt võttes siis alla 14a inimesed ei tohiks veel tarbida. Muidu rikub normaalse arengu ära, stimuleerides seda, mida veel praktiliselt polegi.

teg
28-08-2012
kell 18:59

...Rangelt võttes siis alla 14a inimesed ei tohiks veel tarbida. Muidu rikub normaalse arengu ära, stimuleerides seda, mida veel praktiliselt polegi.

pigem 24-25. Ega ilmaasjata auto rentimine alla 25-aastastele oluliselt kallim ole - tõenäoliselt põhjustavad alla 25-aastased olulisemalt rohkem kahju firmadele kui üle 25-aastased.

kirjandust sellel teemal on omajagu, mõned kiiremini haaratavad ülevaated:
http://www.hhs.gov/opa/familylife/tech_assistance/etraining/adolescent_brain/Development/prefrontal_cortex/
http://www.livescience.com/7005-brains-young-adults-fully-mature.html

HaraldHaak
29-08-2012
kell 10:47

Kanepitemp on samasisulist, aga napimat ERR-i uudist analüüsida ja kommenteerida võtnud.

Kanepitembi kommentaar: Rahvusringhäälingu kajastus Madeline H. Meieri jt uurimusele “Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife” („Pidevatel kanepipruukijatel ilmneb lapsepõlve ja keskea vahelisel perioodil neuropsühholoogiline mandumine“) on suhteliselt napp ja ei täpsusta, kui suur on kanepitarvitamisest johtuv oht arukusele konkreetsetel tingimustel. Toome esile täpsed arvud:

Kui nende IQ-d 38. eluaastal mõõdeti, ilmnes teismeliseeas kanepi tarvitamist alustanud ning kõige ohtramalt ja järjekindlamalt seda tarvitavatel uuringualustel lapseea ja täiskasvanuea vahelisel perioodil keskmiselt kaheksapunktine langus. Mittetarvitajate IQ oli sama perioodi vältel kasvanud keskmiselt ühe punkti võrra. Ka pärast kõige ohtramalt tarvitavate uuringualuste andmete kõrvalejätmist ilmnes mõne IQ-punktine langus vähem ohtralt tarvitajatel, kes olid tarvitamist alustanud teismeliseeas. Vaimsete võimete langus paistis olevat pöördumatu ka pärast kanepipruukimise lõpetamist. Seevastu täiskasvanuna (18. eluaastal või hiljem) alustanud sagedased kasutajad samasugust IQ-langust ei kogenud.

See lõik pärineb ajakirja Nature veebiversioonist, kus uurimust eile kajastati. Kiidusõnade kõrvale kohordi suuruse ja andmete selguse aadressil mahub aga ka spetsialistide kriitikat. Näiteks osutab University College Londoni psühhofarmakoloogiaprofessor ja Ühendkuningriigi sõltumatu teadusliku uimastinõukogu ISCD liige Valerie Curran samas, et ohtra kanepitarvitamise ja motivatsioonilangusega seonduvad muudki tegurid, näiteks depressioon. „Ehkki kogu valimi suurus (1037 inimest — Kanepitemp) on muljetavaldav, rajanevad andmed varajases nooruses ohtrat pruukimist alustanute kohta vaid veidi vähem kui 50 inimesel.“ Samuti märkis ta, et tulemustest nähtuv IQ-langus on väga väike ning seondub väga ohtra tarvitamisega paljude aastate vältel, mis prof Currani sõnul ei puuduta kanepi rekreatiivkasutust.

Päevalehele de Volkskrant uudist kommenteerides rõhutas Amsterdami ülikooli psühhiaatria ja sõltuvusteaduste professor Wim van den Brink, et ehkki tegemist on huvitava tööga, ei tohiks selle järeldusi üle hinnata, vahendab Hollandi ülemaailmne raadioteenistus RNW. Prof van den Brink juhtis tähelepanu uurimusse hõlmatud allrühmale, mille liikmed lõpetasid kanepipruukimise nädal enne küsitlust. Mõju nende IQ-le oli märksa väiksem. „Uurimuse autoritest on õige hoiatada kanepi varajases nooruses pruukimisega kaasnevate tagajärgede eest,“ märkis ta, „kuid tõenäoliselt on nende tulemused üle paisutatud.“

Pikka aega kanepi mõju inimeste teadvusele uurinud Columbia ülikooli psühholoogia aseprofessor Carl Hart on veelgi skeptilisem. „Teaduslikus mõttes on need tulemused äärmiselt esialgsed,“ hoiatab ta nädalakirja Time tervisekolumnistile Maia Szalavitzile antud kommentaaris.

Hart märgib, et kuna ainult 38 uurimisalust — umbes kaheksa protsenti neist, kes kunagi kanepit proovinud olid — pruukisid seda nii ohtralt, et neil diagnoositi mitme uuringuperioodi vältel sõltuvus, suhtub ta tulemuste alusel tehtud üldistustesse umbusklikult. Hart mainib, et tema enda läbi viidud uuringutes, milles osalesid vähemalt kolm korda nädalas kanepit suitsetavad katsealused, jäid katsealuste tulemused nii täidesaatvate funkstioonide, mälu kui pidurdava kontrolli toimimise testides rahvastiku keskmiste näitajate piiresse.

Ta selgitab: „Need inimesed on uimasti mõju all normaalsed. Teeme neile teste sel ajal, kui nad on kanepiuimas ning hiljem, kui nad on kained. Uimastatud seisundis ilmneb mõnede kognitiivsete toimingute aeglustumine, aga nende täpsus ei muutu.“ Uus-Meremaa kohordil rajanevas uurimuses ei võetud arvesse näiteks seda, kas uurimisalused olid töötud või mitte, või kas nad olid võimelised perekonnas normaalselt funktsioneerima, mis oleks oluliseks näitajaks selle kohta, kas IQ-langusel ka tegelikus elus mingisuguseid mõjusid on.

Ohtrast kanepipruukimisest leevendust otsima võivad inimesi juhatada veel muudki tegurid nagu lapsepõlves kogetud ahistamine või muud traumad, mis võivad mõjutada ka aju tööd. Meier ja kolleegid neid tegureid ei uurinud, kuid nentisid, et on täiesti võimalik, et taolised elemendid võiksid tulemusi selgitada paremini kui kanep üksi.

Kui seos kanepi ja IQ-languse vahel oleks tegelikult olemas, peaksid selle mõjud tunnetusele olema dramaatilised. Intelligentsust ja tunnetust mõjutab aga terve hulk muid faktoreid, kaasa arvatud geneetilised, ühiskondlikud ja keskkonnategurid, mille mõju võib olla suurem uimastipruukimise mõjudest, kirjutab Szalavitz. Hoolimata tõigast, et USA keskmine kanepikasutaja alustab tarvitamist 17. eluaastal ning ligi seitse protsenti keskkooli lõpuklasside õpilastest suitsetab kanepit igapäevaselt, on IQ-tasemed kõigis arenenud riikides viimastel aastatel drastiliselt kerkinud. Suuremas osas nendest riikidest on 1950. aastate ja tänapäeva vahelisel perioodil võimsalt kasvanud ka kanepipruukimise määrad.

Kanepitemp leiab, et isegi kui Meieri jt uurimus oleks igal juhul laiendatav üldisele elanikkonnale, s.t, kui ohtra kanepipruukimise alustamine teismeliseeas oleks põhjuslikus seoses vaimsete võimete pöördumatu mandumisega keskeas, oleks see argument uimastipoliitika reformimiseks ning uimastituru riiklikuks kontrollimiseks ja reguleerimiseks, mitte karistuspõhise keelupoliitika jätkamiseks või karmistamiseks, kuna keelurežiimi tingimustes on kanep lastele kergemini kättesaadav, selle kvaliteet ja kahjulike kõrvalainete sisaldus kontrollimatum ning mõjud ennustamatumad. Kanepitemp ei pea potentsiaalselt tervistkahjustavate ainete tarvitamise karistamist rahatrahvi ja/või vabadusekaotusega mõistlikuks ennetusmeetmeks, eriti mitte alaealiste puhul.

HaraldHaak
29-08-2012
kell 10:52

...Rangelt võttes siis alla 14a inimesed ei tohiks veel tarbida. Muidu rikub normaalse arengu ära, stimuleerides seda, mida veel praktiliselt polegi.

pigem 24-25.


Pigem 40. Ausalt, aju ei saa küpseks enne kui millalgi keskeas.

Mõistlik järeldus konkreetsest uurimusest oleks siiski, et ohter ja järjepidev tarvitamine enne 18. eluaastat võib olla ohtlik. See puudutab küll rohkem kaasasündinud või õrnas eas kujunenud sõltuvushäire all kannatajaid kui rekreatiivpruukijaid, aga olen nõus, et kanepi kättesaamine tuleks alaealistele võimalikult keeruliseks teha.

Karistuspõhises keelurežiimis pole see võimalik.

coolcon
29-08-2012
kell 11:45

Alkoholi mõõdukaks tarbimiseks terviseseisukohalt on uuringute tulemusena välja töötatud ligikaudsed keskmised riskipiirid.
http://www.alkoinfo.ee/et/kogused/riskipiirid
Kuna aju või vaimse tervise seisukohast (nagu ma aru saan kanep "tervist" otseselt ei pidavat eriti kahjustama, ) on ilmselt väga raske mingeid üldiseid keskmisi riskipiire välja nuputada, siis ongi olukord selline, et igal tarvitajal on oma nägemus "ohtrast ja järjepidevast tarvitamisest".
Näiteks mul endal on kord kuus popsutada juba tihe tarbimine, mõni teine ütleb, et mitu korda nädalas on täiesti normaalne.
Minu teooria kohaselt , miks "lõplikult väljakujunemata isiksusele/ebaküpsele inimesele ei ole kasulik tihedalt peale teha, peitub põhjus "egos ja nende kaitsemehhanismides".
http://www.horisont.ee/node/161
Samas eks analoogia alkoholiga on ilmselt jälle olemas:(alkoinfo lehelt)
"47% inimestest, kes alustasid joomisega enne 14. aastaseks saamist, saavad hilisemas elus alkoholisõltlased."
Huvitav, kui suur on protsent tulevaste potensiaalsete täiskohaga pilvevendade puhul?
Tundub, et jõudsin oma mõttearendusega hoopis psühholoogilise sõltuvuseni...

coolcon
29-08-2012
kell 11:57

Viimasest lingitud Kanepitembi artiklist lugesin välja, et läbiviidud eksperimendi kontekstis said 1037 uurimisalusest alaealistest 8% "sõltlased".

rrrauh
29-08-2012
kell 12:42

Kanepi jaoks on dopamiin ju tähtsam, pole vaja nii kaua oodata kuniks aju täitsa valmis :) Umbes 14ndaks eluaastaks peaks see keskus välja arenenud olema, varem alustades võib end hea õnne korral skisofreenikuks tõmmata.
Kõige räigem kui ükskord enda vanust toksikomaani nägin, tüüp oli varasest teismeeast alates asju nuusutanud ja bensiini limpsanud. Kuradi sitt elu peab ikka olema, et end nii ruttu muumiaks tarbida. Kahju hakkas isegi... Rikkamatel pätakatel tuleks tõesti kanepitoodetest (kanepiseemneõliga võib ikka end mudida)eemal hoida, aga ahvatlus ja kättesaadavus on natuke liiga hea.
Alkohol on teine teema, eriti rängas seisus need, kellel alkohol ajukoorest lipsti läbi pääseb (ehk kes pea iga jooming laua all oimetuna põõnab).


"Selle, mis hashish ühe käega annab, võtab ta teise käega tagasi. Võiks ütelda, et ta annab kujutlusvõime ja ei lase sellest saada mingit kasu." - Charles Baudelaire.

HaraldHaak
29-08-2012
kell 13:22

Viimasest lingitud Kanepitembi artiklist lugesin välja, et läbiviidud eksperimendi kontekstis said 1037 uurimisalusest alaealistest 8% "sõltlased".

Ei, sõltlasteks klassifitseerus kogu valimist alla viie protsendi. 8% on sõltuvusdiagnoosiga tarvitajate osakaal nende hulgas, kes olid kanepit üldse kunagi proovinud.

...kui dopamiinikeskus veel välja arenenud pole, siis tasub kanepist ka kaugele hoida. /---/ Kanepi jaoks on dopamiin ju tähtsam...

Levinud väärarusaam. Kanepitarvitamine ei seondu teadaolevalt dopamiinitasemete kõikumisega. Ehkki see pole sajaprotsendiliselt välistatud:

Autorid järeldasid töö kokkuvõttes: „Erinevalt muudest sõltuvustest ei seondu kergekujuline kuni mõõdukas kanepisõltuvus dopamiinitaseme muutustega juttkehas.“

Ometi hoiatasid uurijad, et kanepipruukimise alustamine varajases nooruses või taime pikaajaline kasutamine võivad siiski juttkeha dopamiinierituse määra kasvuga seotud olla.

HaraldHaak
30-08-2012
kell 09:39

Samal teemal veel kaks lugu. Suzi Gage võtab uurimuse SciLogs'is pulkadeks:

I don’t think this paper provides as strong evidence as is being reported, for a number of reasons, which I’ll go through here.

1. Sample size. OK, 1000 people sounds like a lot, but in terms of observational epidemiology, it’s not massive. This study had 5 levels of cannabis use, 3 of which had at least some form of dependence. Although cannabis use is quite common, cannabis dependence is not, and so the number of people in the highest cannabis use categories are very small, 35 and 38 in the top two. So although 1000 sounds like a lot, it can mean very small numbers in each category. Indeed, later in the paper, when the authors compare those dependent by age 18 with those dependent after age 18, they are looking at groups of less than 15 people in some cases.

Also, when looking at the sample they report, it looks like their analyses are only done on 874 of those 1037 people they mention in the abstract. But I can’t see any mention of why this would be.

2. Cannabis dependence. As I mention above, although cannabis use is quite common, cannabis dependence isn’t. The smaller a sample size, the less representative they are of the population at large. This can result in a larger standard deviation, or wider confidence intervals (measures which represent the spread of likely ‘true’ underlying values assessed by a sample). 55% of the whole sample is in their second category, ‘used cannabis, never diagnosed dependent’. A further 28% of the sample have never used cannabis at all, leaving only 17% of the sample who have ever been diagnosed as cannabis dependent. /---/

3. Adolescence. While I think this paper’s method of looking at IQ well before cannabis use starts (age 13) is great, that their first cannabis measure is at age 18 puzzles me, as they refer frequently to ‘adolescent’ cannabis use. Adolescence is a somewhat nebulous term, and there is some evidence that our brains continue to develop up to our 20s, but reports in the media about this paper have been somewhat misleading. Cannabis dependence before age 17 is not assessed, and past year cannabis dependence assessed at age 18 is compared with cannabis dependence afterwards, which includes their interview at age 21. So if the brain develops up to the early 20s, perhaps they should have compared dependence before 21 to after, rather than picking 18 as the cutoff.

4. IQ. Even though IQ is not a perfect tool for measuring intelligence, using it may have been the only option. But in these data, IQ differs quite a lot at baseline, depending on the type of cannabis user the person will become in the future! The difference between the highest and lowest IQ group pre cannabis use is 6 points, the same as the largest change seen over time (in the persistently cannabis dependent group). /---/

5. Confounding. One of observational epidemiology’s chief limitations is lack of randomisation. People who choose to use cannabis, and choose to use it to excess are different to people who don’t. So maybe one of these differences is causing the difference in IQ, not the cannabis use per se. The authors chose to conduct a number of analyses where they remove groups of people, such as those dependent on tobacco or what they call ‘hard drugs’, or those with schizophrenia. But there are some potential confounders that they don’t consider.

6. Statistics. Finally, I find the choice of statistics in this paper a little puzzling. Rather than reporting effect sizes and confidence intervals, they report t-tests (without stating the degrees of freedom) and p-values. Now, p-values should always come with a health warning, but as the authors conduct so many different sub-analyses of their data, their t-tests should ideally be corrected to account for this, as the more analyses you do, the more likely you are to find an effect by chance, rather than one that truly exists. I can’t see any evidence that this has been done, although they may have just not reported it.


Dean Burnett The Guardianis iroonitseb:

A recent study suggests that cannabis use causes lower IQ in under 18s. It also lowers acknowledgement of alternative explanations. /---/

It does sound like an impressive study, and any study maintained over 2 decades deserves kudos for that alone. But as always, a news story written for the general public is going to leave out some important scientific points, as well as potentially raising some issues.

Firstly, as is often said, correlation does not imply causation. Just because those who smoked cannabis as teenagers were recorded as having lower IQs, doesn't automatically mean that cannabis intake causes lower IQ. Measuring IQ is often a slippery subject, let alone working out what sort of things affect it. For example, as bizarre as it may seem, height is apparently positively correlated with IQ. That is, taller people seem to be more intelligent, according to IQ tests. Why is this? It's uncertain. You may think it's a bit contrived to use height as an example in a discussion about cannabis. But then, cannabis is typically smoked. And what stunts your growth…?

Studies of large populations are tricky, it's practically impossible to rule out ALL variables that affect a typical human. Some large studies have revealed a link between cannabis use and psychiatric disorders like psychosis and schizophrenia. It's still uncertain as to how this might occur. It's logical to assume that regular intake of mind-altering chemicals will alter your mind for the worse, eventually. But it may be possible that people prone to or suffering from these psychiatric disorders are self-medicating, using the effects of the drugs to alleviate the symptoms of the psychiatric illness. It becomes a question of what came first; the schizophrenic chicken or the constantly-stoned egg?

The study is undoubtedly a good one and will produce a lot of interesting analysis and discussion for years to come. On the down side, it's likely that this finding has already been stripped of any meaningful scientific context by anti-drug campaigners and politicians looking to score easy points. /---/

Telling teenagers that drugs will definitely damage could backfire if they take them anyway and find out that this isn't the case. As I mentioned previously, it's unwise to patronise teenagers in this way, they recognise when they're being screwed over. They're not stupid.

That is, apparently, unless they regularly smoke cannabis. But in that case, your anti-drug message has clearly already failed, so you might as well move on.

HaraldHaak
30-08-2012
kell 15:34

Vanessa Baird kirjutab New Internationalistis, kuidas lähimineviku uimastipoliitika "saavutuste" valguses on kõigi uimastite legaliseerimine kõige mõistlikum samm.

‘They used to laugh at us,’ says Danny Kushlick of Transform, a British drug policy reform group.

Today he and his colleagues are regularly called upon to make the case for ending the prohibitionist policy that has dominated the world since the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs was put in place in 1961.

They have been researching other possibilities, including an idea that until recently was pretty much taboo – making all drugs legal.

The list of high-profile figures supporting the cause for reform is growing by the minute, and ranges from Nobel laureate economists and police chiefs to stand-up comedians and drug activists.

Serving politicians have tended to be cautious, fearing voter backlash. Before coming to power, both Barack Obama and David Cameron indicated that they were in favour of reform, including some degree of legalization. Once in high office, they fell silent. Mexico’s former leader Vicente Fox, now a leading advocate of ‘legalization all the way’, waited until he was safely out of office.

But today, even incumbent leaders are sticking their heads above the parapet. ‘That’s something new,’ says Kushlick. /---/

The global war is militarizing societies and tearing up democratic rights. It also enables illegal drug money to flow into the coffers of Al Qaeda, the Taliban, and the Colombian FARC, ELN, AUC and others.1,2 Meanwhile, punishing drug users and sellers has filled prisons and increased addiction.

Something needs to be done.

‘It is the biggest, most complex challenge facing us today,’ says Mauricio Rodríguez, Colombian ambassador in London and a close ally of President Santos, whose proposed taskforce of global experts is already at work under the auspices of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), expected to report within 12 months. /---/

The effects of different drugs and their wider impacts vary enormously. But for many people, current legal classification of drugs seems divorced from the reality they know, especially in relation to cannabis or ‘party drugs’ like ecstasy. /---/

So why not go down the Portuguese route and decriminalize the use of all drugs?

It is, to varying degrees, already happening in practice in around 25 countries, mainly in Europe and Latin America, where people found in possession may simply have their drugs confiscated but will not be prosecuted. /---/


In an ideal world the UN would replace the prohibitionist conventions with a new progressive policy that all countries could sign up to together. Perhaps President Santos’ global taskforce process will produce a blueprint for such a policy. But it’s questionable how radical it will be if it has to have US and Canadian approval. UN-watcher Damon Barrett of Harm Reduction International thinks that real change is more likely to come ‘from below’. Social and harm reduction activists, public educators and just ordinary people opening their minds will be the key players in this revolution.

HaraldHaak
30-08-2012
kell 15:42

Keegi R. Godwin kirjutab The Standardis esile tõstetud kommentaaris kanepi-ja-IQ-teemalise uurimuse valguses vajadusest kehtestada vanusepiirang.

The logical response? Stop children smoking cannabis, for their own sake. After all, no one wants to become more stupid. But while the study would appear to justify our current approach to doing this (shout “DRUGS ARE BAD!” very loudly) it’s not so simple as that.

Interestingly, the research shows that cannabis has no effect on the IQ levels of those who started smoking it at 18 or over. (For Sacks, who began his experiments at the age of 30, it seems to have been fairly beneficial). Would it not, therefore, make sense to regulate it for over-18s, like we do with alcohol and tobacco? We could then tax it to fund further research and credible education programmes. “Cannabis is illegal” did little to deter me. “Cannabis makes you stupid” might have given me pause for thought.

HaraldHaak
30-08-2012
kell 15:43

Väga pateetiline [url=]kolumn Creator.com'is[/url] rämedate vuntsidega mehelt nimega Stossel:

Forty years ago, the United States locked up fewer than 200 of every 100,000 Americans. Then President Nixon declared war on drugs. Now we lock up more of our people than any other country — more even than the authoritarian regimes in Russia and China.

A war on drugs — on people, that is — is unworthy of a country that claims to be free.

HaraldHaak
31-08-2012
kell 09:13

Marijuana Policy Project on koostanud loendi USA 50 kõige mõjukamast kanepitarvitajast. Esiviisikus pole küll ühtegi, kes teadaolevalt jätkuvalt tarvitaks või oleks valmis möönma, et kanepitarvitamine ei pruugi alati kahjulik olla.

Thank you for checking out MPP's first annual "Top 50 Most Influential Marijuana Users" list. In order to come up with the final ranking, we asked our supporters to choose from nearly 200 influential people to help us narrow down the list to the final 50 you see here. We took the 37 individuals who received the most votes from our supporters and added them to MPP's top 13 automatic qualifiers (including people like Clarence Thomas). Then all 50 were ranked using the criteria below.

In order to have qualified for the list, each individual must (1) have tried marijuana at least once, (2) be alive, and (3) be living in the U.S. or be a U.S. citizen. We also asked our supporters to adhere to the definition for the "Power 50" list that's used by "Out" magazine, which employs the following criteria: "the power to influence cultural and social attitudes, political clout, individual wealth, and a person's media profile."

In sum, we're not concerned with an individual's popularity, or even whether he or she supports marijuana policy reform. Rather, the 2012 "Top 50 Most Influential Marijuana Users" list is meant to identify people who have used marijuana and achieved high levels of success or influence.

just
01-09-2012
kell 00:17

Ma ei tarbi narkootikume ega ole peale kanepi ka midagi kunagi proovinud ning arvatavasti ei proovi ka. Siiski olen ma 100% nõus HaraldHaaki postitustega. Väga huvitavad. Tänud!

Minu suhtumist narkootikumidesse muutis Terence Mckenna, soovitan kõigil kuulata tema loenguid, mida võib leida YouTubeist ja samuti http://www.matrixmasters.net/salon/?cat=13&paged=10
Viimasest kohast http://www.matrixmasters.net/salon/ leiab ka palju muid huvitavaid loenguid.
Soovitan ka lugeda Terence Mckenna raamatut „Food of the Gods“ Eriti huvitav on Mackenna mõte, et tsivilisatsiooni teke on seotud hallutsinogeensete taimede tarvitamisega. Sellest raamatust kirjutab ka Peeter Laurits http://www.metsas.ee/et/kunst/peeterlaurits/tekstid/karbseseen_loomingule" target="_blank">http://www.metsas.ee/et/kunst/peeterlaurits/tekstid/karbseseen_loomingulehttp://www.metsas.ee/et/kunst/peeterlaurits/tekstid/karbseseen_loomingule

HaraldHaak
04-09-2012
kell 08:46

New Jerseys lõikas narkootikumikokteili nimetusega "wet" (PCP+kanep) tarvitanud mees kahel lapsel kõrid läbi. 12-aastane tüdruk on kriitilises seisus, 6-aastane poiss surnud, vahendab raadiojaama WJCW veebileht.

A New Jersey man who smoked a combination of pot and PCP has been arrested and charged with slitting the throats of a 6-year-old boy and his 12-year-old sister who is in critical condition, according to authorities.

HaraldHaak
04-09-2012
kell 08:48

Burning Manile siirdunud narkohipid võeti vahele ja oleks pidanud vangi pandama, aga pääsesid ebahariliku kohtuprotsessi käigus suhteliselt kerge karistusega, teatab CBS Las Vegas.

It wasn’t as surreal as Burning Man itself, but the courtroom banter was a bit unorthodox.

After all, it’s not every day a discussion about a plea deal for a pair of so-called “Burners” facing drug charges includes a defense lawyer scolding his client, or a judge playfully accusing a federal prosecutor of being a “killjoy.”

Robert Louis Ruenzel II and Lindsey Ann Neverisky, both 31, were looking at five years in prison or more after they were arrested Aug. 27 at the annual counter-culture festival in the desert 120 miles north of Reno. They were in an RV stocked with marijuana, cocaine, psychedelic mushrooms, ecstasy pills and other drugs.

Daniel Bogden, the U.S. Attorney for Nevada, said federal prosecutors wanted to charge the two with felonies.

But without explaining further, Bogden said U.S. Magistrate Judge William Cobb declined to sign a felony warrant “even though the evidence established probable cause that they had committed a felony drug offense.”

That gave the pair a chance to consider an offer to plead guilty to a lesser misdemeanor charge of simple possession of a controlled substance — an offer they jumped at because it likely will mean little if any jail time.

But there was a catch...

HaraldHaak
04-09-2012
kell 08:50

USA endine uimastitsaar Dr Peter Bourne nimetab Obama uimastipoliitikat absoluutselt sõgedaks, vahendab The Daily Beast.

[T]he urbane British-born psychiatrist is also disappointed. In a rare interview, he says the Obama administration’s approach to marijuana is “totally insane.” He thinks “they should be bolder,” urging Congress to decriminalize and considering an executive order if necessary. Currently, what they’re doing—raiding medical-marijuana dispensaries, defending pot’s classification as a drug as bad as meth—“doesn’t make any sense at all.”

HaraldHaak
04-09-2012
kell 08:54

Taani tervishoiuminister on teinud ettepaneku hakata järgmisest aastast alates narkomaanidele jagama seni ainult süstitaval kujul pakutavat heroiini tablettidena, vahendab Copenhagen Post.

Health Minister Astrid Krag (Socialistisk Folkeparti) has proposed that heroin in pill form be made available to addicts. Heroin abusers can currently receive the drug free from the state, but only as an injection.

Citing a new report from Sundhedsstyrelsen, Krag said it was time to offer a choice.

"With tablets, we get a tool that lessens the risk of incorrect dosages, injuries and incidences of cancer," Krag told Politiken newspaper. The health minister expects that the pills could be available in 2013. /---/

Venstre spokesperson Sophie Løhnde said her party isn’t sure where the money for the proposed heroin pills would come from. /---/

Jonas Dahl, the health spokesperson for Socialistisk Folkeparti, downplayed the criticism.

“It is remarkable that Venstre says that financing must be in place before you make a proposal, " Dahl told Politiken. “The working procedure has always been that we first get a professional recommendation from Sundhedsstyrelsen and then find the money.”

HaraldHaak
04-09-2012
kell 19:44

Salonis on pikem lugu narcocrrido-skenest. Drugs, drugs and rock'n'roll!

Komander is a multimedia narco icon, working across the music, film and fashion industries that make up this “movement,” which produces commodified, glammed-up spins on the Mexican narcocorrido — drug ballads that go back a century but produced its first pop stars in the early 1980s. It was Komander’s earliest videos dating to 2009 that first showcased the alterado scene’s emblematic fashion statements: ballistic vests stitched with Gucci and Burberry fabrics, blinged-out rosaries and crosses, sartorial baselines of commando-raid Kevlar black. Several El Rodeo clubbers wear these or their candy-colored variants. One kid sports a T-shirt featuring a hauntingly beautiful depiction of a stitch-lipped Santa Muerte, the female Saint of Death, around whom a Catholic cult has grown in tandem with Mexico’s body count.

HaraldHaak
05-09-2012
kell 09:34

Hollandis on järgmisel nädalal valimised; kanepikohvikud ärgitavad sellega seoses oma kliente suuremale poliitilise aktiivsusele, s.t, andma oma häält poliitikutele, kes nn kanepipasside süsteemi ei poolda, vahendab Oregon Live AP uudist.

THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — With slogans like "Don't let your vote go up in smoke!", owners of the free-wheeling cafes where bags of hashish are sold alongside cups of coffee are mounting a get-out-the-stoner-vote campaign ahead of next week's Dutch election.

The campaigners are calling on their sometimes apathetic dope smoking clientele to get out and support political parties that oppose the recently introduced "weed pass" that is intended to rein in the cafes known as coffee shops and close them altogether to foreign tourists.

At a coffee shop in The Hague, a member of staff selling weed wears a T-shirt emblazoned with a modified Uncle Sam style poster calling on smokers to "Vote against the weed pass on Sept. 12." Under the new system, coffee shops become member-only clubs and only Dutch residents can apply for a pass to get in. The cafes are limited to a maximum of 2,000 members.

The online vote2smoke.nl campaign offers cannabis and marijuana users voting advice by showing which political parties support dumping the "weed pass," which came into force in the southern Netherlands earlier this year and is intended to roll out over the whole country in coming years.

Joep Oomen of the legalize cannabis movement says it is hard to know exactly how big the pot-smoking constituency is, but he estimates it at around half a million people in this nation of 16 million.

Basically the advice to them boils down to this: Voting for any political party on the left is good, and any party on the right is bad.


Obama, kelle esimesel ametiajal on kannabiniste peedistatud rohkem kui Bushi administratsiooni päevil, loodab millegipärast samale taktikale ja on kampaaniareklaami hõlmanud Haroldi ja Kumari. Talking Points Memo kirjutab, et uimastisõja kriitikud seda naljakaks ei pea.

President Obama recorded a video with the actors who portrayed stoner duo Harold and Kumar to promote the Democratic convention to young voters. But critics of the White House’s drug policy are not laughing.

“The fact Obama uses these characters to joke about this issue while on the other hand continuing to arrest people he’s appealing to is really disingenuous,” Morgan Fox, communications director for the Marijuana Policy Project, told TPM Tuesday. “As president he conducts more raids on medical marijuana facilities than Bush.”

The “Harold and Kumar” movies are inextricably tied to pot, which is featured or mentioned more or less continuously in each of their three films. At one point, the two characters smoke marijuana with an actor portraying President Bush, who they accuse of hypocrisy for arresting drug offenders.

HaraldHaak
05-09-2012
kell 09:38

Tagakiusatav ekskriminaal ning Silver Tour'i eestvedaja Robert Platshorn lööb kaasa pooletunnises filmikeses "Should Grandma Smoke Pot".

Produced by famous smuggler, author/activist Robert Platshorn and the award winning film maker Walter J. Collins. This made for TV version of Roberts Silver Tour stuns viewers with medical and legal facts long kept from the public. /---/

[C]oming soon to The Daily Show!

HaraldHaak
05-09-2012
kell 09:40

Prince Ea nimeline hip-hoppija on samuti teinud laulu ja video, millega püüab Obamale öelda, et on aeg nurjunud uimastipoliitika lõpetada.

HaraldHaak
06-09-2012
kell 09:28

New Jerseys lõikas narkootikumikokteili nimetusega "wet" (PCP+kanep) tarvitanud mees kahel lapsel kõrid läbi.

KTVN vahendab AP uudist, et võimud üritavad viimatiste sündmuste valguses (lisaks eelpoolmainitule tappis "wet-i" pruukinud naisterahvas kaks nädalat varem veel ühe lapse ja seejärel enda) välja selgitada, kas kokteili näol pole ehk tegemist mingi salapärase solgiga.

Authorities are trying to determine if a contaminated batch of PCP is going around Camden after a child was decapitated and two other children's throats were slashed by people believed to be on the illegal drug.

They've begun analyzing batches of so-called "wet" circulating in the southern New Jersey city, a locale that continually ranks as one of the nation's most dangerous.

"Is there some type of alteration that's being done that has triggered this?" Police Chief J. Scott Thomson asked in light of the gruesome attacks on children. The federal Drug Enforcement Administration is working with the police department, Thomson said. /---/

Dr. Matthew Salzman, an emergency room doctor and toxicologist at Cooper University Hospital, said he has never heard of anyone on PCP harming someone. But the drug does break down the connection between the mind and body, he said, leading to "yelling, thrashing and flailing," as well as incoherent speech.

"For all intents and purposes, it's almost like they're psychotic," Salzman said.


Väga õudne kõik, aga selles, et turul liigub kahtlane kraam, on oma süü riigil, mis kontrolli turu üle kurjategijaile loovutab.

HaraldHaak
06-09-2012
kell 09:32

Iowa arsti, kes kirjutas valuvaigisteid kaheksale hiljem üleannustanud ja surnud patsiendile (teiste hulgas Slipknoti asutajaliikmele Paul Greyle), süüdistatakse tahtmatus tapmises, vahendab Brandon Sun.

A Des Moines doctor faces involuntary manslaughter charges for allegedly prescribing large amounts of narcotic painkillers to eight patients who fatally overdosed, including a metal band's founder.

Dr. Daniel Baldi appeared Wednesday in Polk County District Court, and a judge entered a not guilty plea on his behalf, The Des Moines Register (http://dmreg.co/Q9pvXx ) reported. Involuntary manslaughter is an aggravated misdemeanour under Iowa law.

One of the eight patients was identified in court papers as Paul Gray, a founder of the band Slipknot. He died of an overdose in 2010 at an Urbandale hotel.

Court documents allege Baldi unintentionally caused Gray's death by writing "high-dose prescription narcotics to a known drug addict" starting on Dec. 27, 2005.

Defence attorney Guy Cook said bringing criminal charges "is wrong" and Baldi would fight the charges.

"It is unprecedented to turn unfortunate deaths or medical results into a crime against a doctor," Cook said in an email Wednesday to The Associated Press.

"Unexpected deaths can occur in sever, chronic pain patients unrelated to medical treatment. This is especially true with patients who are drug addicts or drug abusers," Cook said.

HaraldHaak
06-09-2012
kell 09:35

Branson kirjutab HuffPo's seda, mida ikka.

The war on drugs has had a devastating impact in the U.S. Yet, as Republicans and Democrats gather at their national conventions, neither party has taken a strong stand on the critical need to support drug policy reform.

And that's surprising. Drug reform is not a partisan issue. For Republicans, reform efforts both ensure and secure states' rights and at the same time minimize waste of limited federal dollars. For Democrats, minorities who make up a large portion of their constituency disproportionately bear the greatest burden of current drug policies.

In fact, we have reached a watershed moment for drug reform in the U.S. as attitudes and opinions across the country have dramatically shifted. A Gallup Poll this past year found that fully 50 percent of Americans now support legalizing marijuana. /---/

[S]everal countries have already led the way. Portugal, Switzerland and Germany, for example, have been taking a public health approach to their drug response. I became a member of the Global Commission on Drug Policy to help unlock barriers to drug reform and create access to fact-based research so we can all learn from these innovative models. But that's not enough. Especially in an election year, we must encourage political leaders to learn about these new approaches -- ones that will decrease the emotional, legal and financial burdens created by outdated policies. /---/

Legalization of marijuana -- the most politically feasible way of rolling back current drug policies -- is not a silver bullet that will remove cartels from power. However, if we can get U.S. political leaders to understand the opportunity and take action, we have a very real chance to turn the tide on the war on drugs and end needless suffering.

HaraldHaak
06-09-2012
kell 09:41

Obama, kelle esimesel ametiajal on kannabiniste peedistatud rohkem kui Bushi administratsiooni päevil, loodab millegipärast samale taktikale ja on kampaaniareklaami hõlmanud Haroldi ja Kumari.

Mingi sarkastiline pullivend on võtnud Obama videot "ümber miksida", andmaks aimu, milline võinuks olla presidendi vestlus mitteväljamõeldud kanepiõiguslasega.

HaraldHaak
06-09-2012
kell 14:32

[url=Griselda Blanco]Miami Herald[/url] on esmaspäeval Medellínis lihakarni ees tema enda "leiutatud" tsikli-seljast-hukkamise-meetodil maha lastud Griselda Blanco'le, kurikuulsale "kokaiini-ristiemale" midagi järelhüüde-taolist kirjutanud.

Griselda Blanco’s story was often told in numbers: she turned tricks at 14, and moved 300 kilos of cocaine a month in her 40s.

Known as the “Godmother” of the cocaine racket, she had up to 20 aliases, and unsubstantiated lore said she ordered some 250 murders. Police put it closer to 40. She died Monday at 69 at the Cardiso butcher shop on 29th Street in a Medellín neighborhood, where the former madrina was gunned down after a life of drugs and murder. Her last act on earth was buying $150 worth of meat.

The cocaine trade pioneer, who made her mark by bloodying Miami’s streets, died the same way she was arrested in 1985: with a Bible on her chest. It was a predictable end to a life marred by violence, prison, and impunity — a legacy nearly forgotten until filmmakers made her notorious. At least three feature films and an HBO series featuring Blanco were in the works at the time of her death.

HaraldHaak
06-09-2012
kell 14:33

Darn, link ka: http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/09/04/v-fullstory/2984820/griselda-blanco-life-and-death.html

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:14

Maastrichti linnapea tegi kannapöörde suhtumises kanepipassi süsteemi juurutamisse ja leiab nüüd, et mingit registreerimist pole tarvis, kuna — üllaatus-ülletus! — see muudab olukorra kontrollimatumaks ja muidu hullemaks, vahendab Dutch News.nl.

Locals in Maastricht should no longer have to formally register as marijuana users to buy soft drugs from the city’s cannabis cafes, mayor Onno Hoes said in a letter to councillors on Wednesday.

Since May 1, cannabis cafes in the south of the country have been turned into member-only clubs in an effort to keep out foreigners. Only locals, who can prove they live in the area, are allowed to sign up for membership.

According to Nos television, Hoes says the number of foreigners trying to buy soft drugs has fallen so sharply that the membership cards are no longer necessary.


Kas on võimalik, et sealsetest mullistustest kasvab lähiaastail välja uus mõistlikun kanepituru reguleerimise mudel? Mina loodan küll.

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:17

Mõttekoda Australia-21 on koostanud aruande olukorrast võitluses uimastitega, tuues selles välja mitu meedet uimastipoliitika mõistuspäraseks reformimiseks.

Our Second Report on Illicit Drugs was launched by Dr Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief of the prestigious British medical journal The Lancet, on Sunday 9 September, at the Adelaide Convention Centre, on the eve of the 2012 Population Health Congress. The Report focuses on what Australia can learn from the experiences of three countries (Portugal, Switzerland and the Netherlands) which have liberalised their drug regimes in some way, and one country (Sweden) which has followed a strict law enforcement policy.

An edited version of Dr Horton's remarks at the launch was published on the opionion page of the Sydney Morning Herald on Monday 10 September - access it here.

[url=http://www.australia21.org.au/our_research/illicit_drugs_download.html#a]Click Here to go to the Illicit Drugs Policy downloads page.

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:20

The Guardian teatab, et üle kolmveerandi UK parlamendisaadikuist peab uimastipoliitikat nurjunuks, aga olukorra parandamise üksikasjade osas puudub paraku üksmeel.

More than three-quarters of MPs believe the UK's drug policies are not working, according to a poll for a respected commission poised to deliver a landmark report assessing the evidence for continued prohibition.

The poll's publication comes ahead of the release of several major reports into the future of UK drug policy that will ensure the debate about reforming the country's laws becomes a key issue for MPs for the rest of the year. /---/

But while there is widespread agreement that existing laws are not working, the UKDPC poll suggests there is little consensus on what needs to be done. It found that most MPs would resist a change in the drug laws. According to the poll, only 31% believe that they should consider relaxing the law so that possession of small quantities of controlled drugs would not be treated as a criminal offence.

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:28

Ports DEA eksliidreid anub USA õiguskantslerit, et too tauniks avalikult rahvaküsitluste korraldamist kanepipoliitika muutmise eesmärgil, vahendab Reuters.

Nine former heads of the Drug Enforcement Administration urged Attorney General Eric Holder on Friday to take a stand against possible legalization of recreational marijuana in three western states, saying silence would convey acceptance.

The nine former officials, illustrating a likely clash between the states and the federal government if marijuana use was allowed for fun, said in a letter dated Friday that legalization would pose a direct conflict with federal law. /---/

The letter from the former DEA heads is similar to one they sent Holder in 2010 urging him to oppose a recreational pot legalization ballot measure in California. That ultimately failed with 53.5 percent of voters rejecting it.


Mehed, "tänu" kellele maksavad uimastid USA turul just nii palju, nagu nad maksavad, soovivad status quo jätkumist? Kes oleks arvanud!

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:31

Järjekordne kinnitus hüpoteesile, et opioidiasendusrabi aitab edukalt HIV-i levikut pärssida.

Substitution treatment of injecting opioid users for prevention of HIV infection.

Summary.
Drug injectors are vulnerable to infection with HIV and other blood borne viruses due to the collective use of injecting equipment as well as sexual behaviour. This review aimed to assess the degree to which this risk is affected by the prescription of drugs such as methadone to be taken by mouth which substitute for the opiate-type drugs the patient is dependent. It assessed impacts on behaviours which place people at high risk of viral transmission and on actual rates of HIV infection. With one exception, it considered all sorts of studies, not just randomised trials, as long as the treatment and outcomes were relevant and participants were opioid dependent drug users, most of whom were currently or recently injecting. The exception was studies which required patients in treatment to at the same time recall their past risk behaviour before and after starting treatment. Non-English language studies were included. The studies were expected largely to relate to methadone, but evidence relating to other oral preparations (buprenorphine, LAAM, codeine and slow release morphine) was also considered.

A search discovered 38 studies involving about 12,400 participants. Just two randomly allocated patients to substitute prescribing versus other treatments. In the remaining studies, findings would have been complicated by influences other than substitution treatment resulting in potential bias. All but six were solely concerned with methadone treatment, 32 with treatment in a service specialising in addiction treatment, and 26 were set in the USA. Due to differences between the studies, no attempt was made to combine their findings in to an overall quantitative assessment of the impacts of the treatments. Instead the reviewers assessed whether effects were consistent across the studies and across different types of studies.

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:35

Samas pole rahva suhtumine tõestatult tõhusasse asendusravisse sugugi nii pooldav kui detoksifikatsioonipõhisesse võõrutusse, mille tõhusust pole tõestada õnnestunud, selgus äsja Aberdeeni ülikooli sõltuvusteadlaste uuringust. Samuti selgus, et kodanikud, kes on uimastiteema ja uimastitarvitajate probleemidega põhjalikumalt tuttavad, pooldavad pigem asendusravi.

The public does not value drug treatment generally but believes detoxification and rehabilitation is a better approach to drug treatment than methadone maintenance, according to a University of Aberdeen study, the findings of which were presented today at the British Science Festival. /---/

"Past scientific evidence states that for every £1 spent on drug treatment £2.50 is saved in health and social costs." There is no such evidence available to support detoxification and rehabilitation programmes. /---/

"Our study found that the more knowledgeable a person is about drug users and treatments, the more open-minded they would be towards drug treatment".

"Respondents with a higher knowledge of drug users and treatments had more positive attitudes – this shows that a better informed public on drug users and the effectiveness of the various drug treatments available could lead to a more evolved attitude in society as to how we manage this group."

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:42

Uus uurimus seostab kanepitossutamise munandivähi riski kahekordistumisega.

See uudis ilmus 2009. veebruaris. Nüüd on tehtud veel üks üsna samateemaline, vahendab Medical Xpress.

To see if recreational drug use might play a role, Victoria Cortessis, MSPH, PhD, assistant professor of preventive medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of USC in Los Angeles, and her colleagues looked at the self-reported history of recreational drug use in 163 young men diagnosed with testicular cancer and compared it with that of 292 healthy men of the same age and race/ethnicity.

The investigators found that men with a history of using marijuana were twice as likely to have subtypes of testicular cancer called non-seminoma and mixed germ cell tumors. These tumors usually occur in younger men and carry a somewhat worse prognosis than the seminoma subtype. The study's findings confirm those from two previous reports in Cancer on a potential link between marijuana use and testicular cancer.

"We do not know what marijuana triggers in the testis that may lead to carcinogenesis, although we speculate that it may be acting through the endocannabinoid system—the cellular network that responds to the active ingredient in marijuana—since this system has been shown to be important in the formation of sperm," said Cortessis.


Kuidas kanepi teadaolevalt mittetoksilised, vähirakkude kärbumist soodustavad mõjuained peaksid munandeis vähki tekitama, loost ei selgu.

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 11:43

Kui keegi tunneb muret, et äkki tal on seal vähk, siis õppevideo aitab korrektselt kontrollida. Hääd näppimist!

HaraldHaak
10-09-2012
kell 15:08

Peatükk David Nutt'i värskest raamatust "Drugs: Without the Hot Air" süveneb küsimusse, kas alkohol võiks saada legaalseks, kui see avastataks praegu.

A terrifying new “legal high” has hit our streets. Methyl-carbonol, known by the street name “wiz,” is a clear liquid that causes cancers, liver problems, and brain disease, and is more toxic than ecstasy and cocaine. Addiction can occur after just one drink, and addicts will go to any lengths to get their next fix – even letting their kids go hungry or beating up their partners to obtain money. Casual users can go into blind rages when they’re high, and police have reported a huge increase in crime where the drug is being used. Worst of all, drinks companies are adding “wiz” to fizzy drinks and advertising them to kids like they’re plain Coca-Cola. Two or three teenagers die from it every week overdosing on a binge, and another 10 from having accidents caused by reckless driving. “Wiz” is a public menace – when will the Home Secretary think of the children and make this dangerous substance Class A? /---/

The European Centre for Monitoring Alcohol Marketing recently published a report called the Seven Key Messages of the Alcohol Industry, which summarizes the sorts of messages the industry uses to try and influence alcohol policy:

• Consuming alcohol is normal, common, healthy and very responsible.

• The damage done by alcohol is caused by a small group of deviants who cannot handle alcohol.

• Normal adult non-drinkers do not, in fact, exist.

• Ignore the fact that alcohol is a harmful and addictive chemical substance (ethanol) for the body.

• Alcohol problems can only be solved when all parties work together.

• Alcohol marketing is not harmful. It is simply intended to assist the consumer in selecting a certain product or brand.

• Education about responsible use is the best method to protect society from alcohol problems.

These messages are at best distortions of reality, and at worst outright lies.

HaraldHaak
11-09-2012
kell 11:18

Meditsiinilise hariduseta ajakirjanik ja aktivist Steve Elliott soovitas Portlandi kanepifestivalil peetud kõnes rasedatel kanepit tossutada, kuna see olevat tulevasele lapsele kasulik.

One thing that I shared with the sizable crowd was the not-nearly-well-enough-known fact that babies born to mothers who smoke marijuana are both healthier and smarter than those born to women who don't do any drugs or herbs at all.

​The prohibitionists tell us that the smoking of marijuana by pregnant women results in lower birth weights and less intelligent babies. The scientific research tells us that toking mothers have babies that are just as healthy, with birth weights just as normal, as babies born of non-toking mothers.

And you know what else the research showed? That the babies of pot smoking mothers scored better on laboratory tests of cognition than babies of non-smoking mothers.

Another independent scientific study showed that babies of marijuana-using mothers have a lower mortality rate than babies of mothers who didn't use any drugs at all!


Mina tema asemel nii kategooriline poleks, kuid vähemalt toetab mees oma soovitust viidetega teadusuuringutele.

HaraldHaak
11-09-2012
kell 11:20

New York Times on aga võtnud avaldada arvamusartikli sellest, kuidas kanepipruukimine aitavat paremini lapsi kasvatada.

After two years of treatment, I can state unequivocally that I feel much better about pretty much everything. Sure, my back still hurts, but I’m cool with it.

But the best part is an amazing off-label benefit I call Parental Attention Surplus Syndrome.

Before beginning treatment, I was a dutiful if not particularly enthusiastic father. Workaday parental obligations were a necessary, unfortunate chore. I was so stressed out by the end of the day that bedtime, with its interminable pleas for more stories, songs, sips of water and potty breaks, felt like a labor to be endured and dispatched as quickly as possible.

Here is what a typical weekday evening exchange between me and my oldest daughter once looked like:

Child: Daddy, can you show me how to make a Q?

Father: (sipping bourbon and soda, not looking up from iPad) Just make a circle and put a little squiggle at the bottom.

Child: No, show me!

Father: Sweetie, not now, O.K.? Daddy’s tired.

It’s different now:

Child: Daddy, can you show me how to make a Q?

Father: (getting down on the floor) Here, I’ll hold your hand while you hold the pen and we’ll make one together. There! We made a Q! Isn’t it fantastic?

Child: Thanks, Daddy!

Father: Don’t you just love the shape of this pen?

It’s the same with my middle child:

Before:

Child: Can I watch a video?

Father: Of course!

After:

Child: Can I watch a video?

Father: Why don’t we read a story and then pretend we’re in our own video! Go pick out a book, and I’ll go get the finger puppets.

I swear I am a more loving, attentive and patient father when I take my medication as prescribed.

HaraldHaak
11-09-2012
kell 11:23

Reformimeelne Pete Guither on tagurliku Kevin Sabet' peale end lõplikult välja vihastanud, mis väljendub üsna turtsakas sõnavalikus (-valingus?).

Kevin Sabet, dishonest whore

First, I need to take a moment to apologize… to all the honest hard-working whores out there, for being compared to Kevin Sabet.

Let’s take a look at Kevin’s latest: In 3 views on whether states should legalize marijuana in the Christian Science Monitor, Kevin takes the “middle” ground (opposing legalization, but calling for that unattainable “kinder and gentler” prohibition).

This was right near the top:

Marijuana should not be sold on the open market. Legal alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs kill more than 500,000 people a year.

It’s hard to get any more blatant than that in your lying. Kevin knows full well that marijuana is entirely different in death risk than the other drugs. He is intentionally putting that in there to lie to you.

The thing is, I wouldn’t be surprised if he didn’t even think it was a lie. After all, he could claim, the first sentence is merely a viewpoint and the second sentence can be backed up with fact.

The ONDCP has long loved to use this kind of lie, as if the technical structure of sentences defined lies, as opposed to attempts to decieve.

It’s like a young man telling his father that he want to apply for a position with the Department of Education, and his father says “Whoa, you’d better think that over. After all, over 1,000 people die each year in the armed services and that’s a federal agency too.”

The fact that Kevin Sabet is a public figure who trades on his connections to get into the media and lie to people in order to pursue a political agenda makes him a dishonest whore, which makes the title of my post merely factual.

HaraldHaak
11-09-2012
kell 11:24

Link jäi lisamata eelmisele: http://www.drugwarrant.com/2012/09/kevin-sabet-dishonest-whore/

HaraldHaak
11-09-2012
kell 11:49

The Guardianis kirjutab India-reporter Jason Burke, kuidas kolmanda maailma narkarid lähevad herolt ja kokalt üle farmaatsiatööstuse toodangule.

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's recently released World Drug Report 2011, stable or downward trends for heroin and cocaine use in major regions of consumption worldwide are being offset by increases in the use of synthetic and prescription drugs. The use of prescription drugs such as the synthetic opioids and sedatives used by Satish is one of the fastest growing – and least reported – problems in India and other developing countries. /---/

Experts report similar situations across India, from Manipur in the far north-east to Bangalore, the heart of the booming information technology industry, in the south. The reason is simple, Gill says, being nothing more than "a question of supply and demand".

Heroin costs more than 10 times as much as the cocktail of pharmaceutical drugs used by people like Satish. The pharmaceutical drugs are also cleaner, more reliable and more easily available. In Jahangirpur chemists sell a set of three drugs along with two syringes and needles for 50 rupees (65p). It is illegal to sell such products over the counter without prescription in India but is usual practice almost everywhere. Just to make sure, the chemists pay off the local police, NGO workers say. /---/

Desperate wives and parents pay up to 5,000 rupees (£65) to have a user picked up against their will in the hope that their habit will be broken. "It doesn't work because if you are treated badly you are angry when you leave. You go back to drugs just to make a point," Faqir said.

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:07

Venetsueela president Chavez kurjustab USA-ga, kes on võtnud mõningaid riike uimastitega ebatõhusa võitlemise eest noomida, vahendab Reutersi uudist WTAX.com.

This is the fourth straight year that Venezuela figured in Washington's list of drug interdiction underachievers.

The country remains "one of the preferred trafficking routes out of South America," thanks to its "porous western border with Colombia," a top cocaine producer, according to U.S. President Barack Obama's annual drugs memorandum to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, published on Friday.

The memorandum also singled out Bolivia and Myanmar as having "demonstratively failed" to fight the drugs trade.

The Chavez government was having none of it.

"As the biggest drug consumer on the planet, the United States lacks the moral authority to judge the policies of other countries," Venezuela's Foreign Ministry shot back in a statement on Saturday. /---/

Accused by critics of collusion with Colombian rebels who depend on smuggling for financing, the Chavez government counters that anti-narcotics operations have actually improved since the 2005 end of cooperation with the United States.

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:10

Austraalia põhjaterritooriumi meditsiiniliidu esimees võttis sõna kanepi legaliseerimise poolt, vahendab NTNews.

Australian Medical Association NT president Dr Peter Beaumont called for the decriminalisation of cannabis and ecstasy to be trialled in the NT.

"We definitely have to do something different to limit the damage caused to people because of these drugs," he said. "There's a lot of evidence that (decriminalisation) could help."

His comments came after thinktank Australia21 released a report recommending governments supplied drugs to users. /---/

He called on governments to do a "closed controlled trial".

"If it's proven to be beneficial, then roll it out," he said.

Dr Beaumont said cannabis had been linked to depression and suicide and those risks would also have to be considered.

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:14

Reader Supported News vahendab Asia Time'i ajakirjaniku usutlust uimastipoliitika-õpetlase Oliver Villariga. Pikk ja põnev lugemine.

LS: Does the drug trade work very differently than people usually assume?

OV: Well, yes. What do people usually assume? Well, it's a criminological subject of investigation, it's a crime approach, it's criminals, it's pretty much a Hollywood kind of spectacle where it becomes clear who the good and the bad guys are. But what I found, it's far more than just simply criminals at work.

What we do know, if you go back to the history of the global drug trade, which I did pursue, you find that states, not just individuals or criminals, were also part of the process of production and distribution. The most notorious example is the British colonial opium trade, where much of that process was happening in a very wide scale, where the British not only gained financially but also used it as a political form of social control and repression.

What did they do? In China they were able quite effectively to open up the market to British control. This is just one example. And from there on I looked at other great powers and the way they also somehow managed to use drugs as a political instrument, but also as a form of financial wealth, as you could say, or revenue to maintain and sustain their power. The great power of today I have to say is the United States, of course. These are some of the episodes and investigations that I have looked at in my new book.

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:19

Svaasimaal kasvatavad memmed kulda, vahendab NY Times. Tegu on eriti kange kanepiga, mis on kiiresti kujunenud nõutavaks kaubaks ja aidanud vaesematel põllupidajatel kitsikusega võidelda (pluss seda on rentaablim kasvatada kui kapsast või maisi, mille paavianid enne lõikust nahka pistavad).

According to the United Nations, South Africa has reported rising marijuana use, and Swaziland appears to be an eager supplier. The country, a tiny nation of about 1.4 million people, was reported to have more acreage under marijuana cultivation in 2010 than India, a nation more than 180 times its geographic size.

Sibongile Nkosi, 70, said she started growing marijuana even before her daughter died and left her with two orphans to feed. She had heard from other women in her village, which sits on a hilltop on the outskirts of Piggs Peak, that the plant could earn a decent return.

“I put the seeds in the ground, watered them, and it grew,” she said of her first crop. “I was able to feed my children.”

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:24

Seda apsu on mujal juba ohtralt kajastatud, DWR võtab tuuma kokku. (Lühidalt: Massachusettsi medikanepi legaliseerimise vastased unustasid oma preopagandaveebilehe registreerida ja tulemused ei lasknud end kaua oodata.

On Tuesday a savvy satirist registered the URL, where you can now find Onion-esque items with headlines such as “FACT: Marijuana Is the Gateway Drug to Twinkies,” “FACT: No Marijuana User Has Ever Been Successful” (above a collage of famous pot smokers’ photos), and “Elementary School Counselor Speaks Out Against Medical Marijuana” (quoting Mr. Mackey, the guidance counselor on South Park).

No on Question 3 spokesman (and former ONDCP official) Kevin Sabet told The Boston Globe, “It’s funny and upsetting, I guess, at the same time.” No, it’s just funny. /---/

According to the Boston.com article, they even first blamed medical marijuana supporters for their mistake:

The group sent out a press release saying proponents of medical marijuana were tampering with the democratic process through “underhanded efforts.” But, Sabet said, the committee made a mistake.

Go check out the spoof website. It’s a real blast!

kiisu79
17-09-2012
kell 11:25

Ma arvan, et üldse ei tohi narkootikume proovida!

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:28

Veebilehel Drug Law Reform in Latin America kirjutab Tom Blickman, mis Hollandis praegu, pärast valimisi kurikuulsa kanepipassi küsimuses toimub. Lühidalt: parlamendis on wietpassi-idee toetajate tilluke enamus, aga seegi pole monoliitne. Seni toimunud arengud näitavad üsna üheselt, et riigi lõunapiirkondades, kus passisüsteem juba sisse viidi, on see kaasa toonud tänavamüügi plahvatuse, piiri kadumise kanepi ja raskete uimastite vahelt ja muid soovimatuid tagajärgi.

Just before the new rules entered into force, the government collapsed on April 21, 2012, when negotiations on new austerity measures buckled, paving the way for early elections on September 12, 2012. A poll on May 16 showed that the ‘cannabis pass’ has little support among the Dutch population; 61 percent said it did not agree that its introduction was a good idea and 60 percent favoured stopping its introduction.

Even among the coalition parties that supported the now defunct right-wing government – the Christian Democrats and the conservative liberal party, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) of Prime Minister Mark Rutte and Justice Minister Opstelten – only potential voters for the Christian Democrats were really in favour. Among potential VVD voters – the party that became the biggest party after the elections – 60 percent did not agree with the pass and 59 percent said its introduction should be stopped. Eighty percent of the people expected that street dealing would increase. /---/

A quickscan by drug researchers Nicole Maalsté and Rutger Jan Hebben confirmed what everybody with a little bit of common sense already expected: illegal street dealing increased significantly and police do not have the capacity to do anything about it.

The quickscan – based on personal observations and extensive interviews with coffeeshop-owners – concluded that the introduction of the cannabis pass has led to all kinds of unintended side-effects for local users. The separation of the market between cannabis and hard drugs is disappearing, as well as the age-limit that was strictly enforced in the coffeeshops on penalty of closure. In the city of Breda fights between rival local dealers to carve out territories have been reported. The police are unable to handle the emerging cannabis trade on the streets.

HaraldHaak
17-09-2012
kell 11:31

Ma arvan, et üldse ei tohi narkootikume proovida!

Laias laastus nõus (kõige tõhusam viis narkomaaniat vältida on vältida narkootikume), aga kas üldse mitte ühtegi taju muutvat ainet ei tohiks mitte kunagi mitte mingil tingimusel proovida?

Olen näiteks kuulnud lastest, kel vanemad lubavad teed juua. Kas see tuleks ka ära keelata?

HaraldHaak
18-09-2012
kell 11:27

USA kaitseminni tellitud meditsiiniaruanne annab mõista, et käraka ja narkotsi pruukimine sõjaväelas pole enam niivõrd "kultuur", vaid "kriis". AP uudist vahendab Seattle Times.

Abusing alcohol and drugs has been part of military culture historically: Service members do it for fun, to ease the stresses of war or to be part of the brotherhood.

But a new report says substance use and misuse among troops and their families has become a "public-health crisis" and that Pentagon methods for dealing with it are out of date. /---/

Substance abuse has "long been a concern for the U.S. population and for its military in particular," the report noted. "Dating as far back as the Revolutionary War, Dr. Benjamin Rush detailed the effects of alcohol on the troops. During the Civil War, addiction to opium prescribed for pain became known as the 'soldier's disease.' "

Today, the military's approach to treating substance abuse "tends to be old-fashioned," O'Brien said, noting the example of the military's reluctance to use medications that can combat cravings and in other ways help treat addiction, he said.

"Modern treatment of substance abuse does involve medications. There are FDA-approved, effective medications that could be used and should be used much more than they are," he said.

Another problem is an overreliance on hospitalization and inpatient rehabilitation facilities, rather than the outpatient care that characterizes most civilian addiction treatment.

"Addiction tends to be chronic," O'Brien said. "The basic pathology of the addiction has a memory. It doesn't go away that quickly."

Military counselors also need better training.

HaraldHaak
18-09-2012
kell 11:27

* sõjaväelas --> sõjaväes

HaraldHaak
18-09-2012
kell 14:55

Kes arvab, et Ida-Euroopas on uimastipoliitika-teemaline debatt igav ja kiretu, on järgmise uudise valguses tõenäoliselt sunnitud oma arvamust korrigeerima. Ungarlaste Drug Reporter teatab nimelt intsidendist Slovakkia parlamendis, kus värk läks suisa nõelteravaks.

Leader of the Slovakian Simple People and Free Personalities Party, Igor Matovic, poured a box of syringes used for injecting heroin over the head of Martin Poliačik, a fellow MP.

The incident occurred at the autumn opening session of the Bratislava parliament after the media revealed Mr Poliačik’s past heroin use. He admitted, in an interview for the 'Sme' daily paper, taking heroin and methamphetamine that essentially proved to be harmless if used safely.

Matovic in his opposition said “I would like to ask the National Council to let Mr Poliačik take long-term unpaid leave, in order to be able to convince enough drug-addicted children who succumb to the temptation to test their body for apparently quite harmless heroin”.

Poliačik made a serious error in issuing such a statement, adds Matovic: “He is a smart enough guy to realize how influential his words are”. Explaining his concerns, Matovic said he cannot agree with his fellow MP’s explanation that when young people first get into a situation where they need to decide whether to try or refuse heroin, they should think first and foremost about its purity.

HaraldHaak
19-09-2012
kell 15:20

Bangkok Postis julgevad kaks asjapulka (Jon Ungphakorn, former senator and commissioner of Global Commission on HIV and the Law; Michel Kazatchkine, commissioner of Global Commission on Drug Policy) kahelda Tai narkomiilitsate väidetes, mille kohaselt sõda mõnede uimastitega sujub nigu lepse reega.

Last month, the Royal Thai Police and the Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB) announced that their war on drugs was a success. Referring to increased numbers of drug users arrested and rehabilitated, deputy national police chief Pol Gen Adul Saengsingkaew is quoted by the Bangkok Post (‘‘Govt war on drugs hailed a success’’, 17th Aug) as declaring ‘‘Regarding these statistics, the war on drugs now is going much better than it was under the previous government. Actually, it is even better than under the Thaksin Shinawatra administration which initiated this policy in 2001.’’

Drug prosecutions have risen by 8% in the last year, drug arrests by 14%, and methamphetamine pill seizures by 26% — but as many as 40% of drug injectors in Thailand are estimated to be HIV-positive. With this alarming statistic, it is clear the government needs to reassess the effectiveness of its war on drugs. /---/


The results quoted by Thai officials — and by many governments around the world — focus on amounts of drugs seized and numbers of people arrested. These represent the immediate results of specific law enforcement actions, and are easy to measure — which is why they are bandied about freely by politicians and government agencies looking to justify the huge investments made in this area.

We believe however that governments should be looking instead at the true impact of these activities. For example, asking the question: have increased drug arrests actually succeeded in reducing the demand for drugs, or their supply? Has prohibition affected the availability, cost, or quality of drugs on street markets? Are state-sponsored drug rehabilitation programmes protecting people who use drugs from becoming infected with HIV, hepatitis or tuberculosis, or have prohibitionist policies actually increased the rates of infection and the health and social vulnerability of those people who use drugs?

HaraldHaak
19-09-2012
kell 15:24

Alex Wodak (Australia 21) kirjutab The Conversationis, et maakera kuklapoole tüürimeestel on tagumine aeg hakata mõtlema narkopoliitika "plaan B" peale.

This second report builds on the conclusions of the first one, attempting to provoke a national discussion about what our best options might be. There are several reasons why this discussion is now different from previous debates about drug policy. /---/

The Netherlands, Switzerland and Portugal have shown that reforms can be carried out without breaching international drug treaties, and that an approach with more emphasis on health and social measures can produce better outcomes and achieve strong community support.

In contrast, Sweden is one of few European countries still heavily reliant on severe punishment and drug law enforcement. It claims a drug-free nation as the over-arching goal of its drug policy and rejects safer injecting facilities and heroin assisted treatment.

Sweden still only has the same two needle syringe programs that were established 25 years ago. And it has the eighth-highest drug overdose death rate in the European Union while the Netherlands has the 19th and Portugal the 25th. Overdose deaths have been increasing in Sweden, are stable in the Netherlands and falling in Portugal. /---/

Sooner or later, one side of politics in Australia will realise that drug law reform could be a vote-changing issue for young people. With the current and two previous presidents of the United States, and the current prime minister of Australia, and the current and previous leaders of the Opposition all known to have tried cannabis, it’s increasingly difficult to explain why two to three million Australians are better off purchasing cannabis from criminals, corrupt police or outlaw motorcycle gangs than obtaining the same drug from regulated sources.

Drug policy is a difficult issue for politicians. But the longer they delay reform, or even discussion of reform, the more difficult it’s going to get.

HaraldHaak
19-09-2012
kell 15:28

Sabotage Times teeb reklaami peatselt ilmuvale raamatule UK uimastivärgist.

One of the truths that came apparent to us while writing our investigation,Narcomania: A Journey Through Britain’s Drug World, was that the drug trade is no old school underworld: it’s all around us. It’s embedded from the high street, to the five star hotels which act as resplendent drug dens for the privileged set, to the global banking system. But it is a truth that is kept under wraps.

Its presence can be found not only on rundown urban cityscapes, but on the high streets of seemingly idyllic rural market towns. Street drug sellers are just the tip of the iceberg. Scratch the surface and the largely hidden drug trade starts to appear. We bumped into the taxi firm in Leeds whose drivers make extra cash by using their job as cover to supply students with cannabis, ecstasy and cocaine. Across Britain, there are the high street pubs, the bookies, the take-aways, the nail bars, the bureau de changes and the undercover cannabis cafes, where drugs are sold and the proceeds laundered.

But it doesn’t stop there. We spoke to the owner of trendy hairdressers where clients came out with a bag of mephedrone along with a cut and blow dry. There are the upmarket City bars that serve up lines of cocaine with pints and the school mums who sell one gram bags from their prams at picking up time. /---/

While many view the drug trade as a landscape filled with cartoon criminals and wide-eyed junkies, in reality it is a world that is merging with our own and therefore harder to extract by laws alone. It is closer than you think. Enter Narcomania…